On the question of faith: The role of the Divine in The Maid of Gascony series

On the question of faith: The role of the Divine in The Maid of Gascony series

19/10/2021

‘In hope there is love, in love there is grace, and in grace there is wisdom that surpasses all understanding..’

Ahead of the publication of the second book in the Maid of Gascony series, author Catherine Clover delves into the position of faith and divinity in charting the trials and tribulations of Lady Isabelle on her pilgrimage from Oxford to Rome.

When I first began work on The Templar’s Garden, I was in the final stages of my time living in Oxford as a graduate student. While preparing for my viva voce, the oral defense of my doctoral thesis, I came across an intriguing entry about Gascony in the Transactions of the Royal Historical Society (TRHS). Though I cannot remember all the particulars now, at the time it was striking enough to make me think it could form the basis of a fictional medieval family saga: The daughter of a noble Gascon family was kept prisoner in a tower by a wicked count following her unconsummated marriage; her parents, devastated upon hearing such news, sought papal intervention in order to save their daughter and free from her marriage contract; with her marriage annulled by the Pope and in receipt of her title and estates, the daughter was able to legally marry again and maintain her financial standing. Sound familiar?

I am often asked by readers, ‘just how much of The Maid of Gascony series is true’? Is it historically accurate? Did these people and their way of life really exist in the 1450s? My answer can only be summed up with the response: it’s a bit of both, actually.

First to address some of the truths. Yes, the Duchy of Gascony did exist until the Battle of Castillon. Yes, the English (and some Welsh) were in Gascony through the end of the English administration of the Duchy. Yes, Bazas is a real place, and yes, I did live there as a graduate student (and Père Francis was the priest whom I knew at the cathedral). Of the locations and characters who help bring colour and life to the words on the page, they are either A) real historical figures or B) characterizations based on individuals I have known in my lifetime (both good and bad).

Apart from the family residence in Gascony called Rosete (which is actually a combination of Harlech in Wales and a 14th-century papal residence called Villandraut, just outside Bazas), all the locations are very real.

So why make Lady Isabelle a mystic? Why bring God and theology into the series in the way that I have? As a medievalist, I believe that you cannot have a legitimate discussion or analysis of the period in which this story is set, and where its various locations are set, without bringing in aspects of mysticism and the Divine. Regardless of whether the reader is a spiritual person or not, I feel it is disingenuous to write about this time without including the role of the Church and how those in Europe, England, and Wales, related to it as an institution. It is a fact that for the average person living in the locations discussed, as well as the monarch and those in their court, the Church was the centre of their world in the fifteenth century. As the reader will note from what I outline in the series, the monastic hours, the monastic way of life, the presence of God; they were everywhere. The church bells rang, the nuns and priests and monks – those who sought or were in Holy Orders – were highly visible at this time in history.

Pembroke Castle

As the reader will also be aware if they have listened to the accompanying soundtrack to The Templar’s Garden entitled ‘Like as the Hart’, music, art, and poetry were all infused with Biblical themes. There were exceptions to this, of course, and the Italian Renaissance helped to usher in progressive changes that allowed for a vision of the world beyond the confines of theological doctrine and the Church in everyday life. But in my series, I want the reader to feel as though they are immersed in another world, both by means of the audio and visual senses, one that is set apart from how we are living today.

Likewise, the album(s) of music that accompany the books include recordings that will allow the reader to step back in time and hear how composers have addressed the very same themes I raise in the series in a musical format. ‘Like as the Hart’ does this very thing. It takes the reader through a number of choral interpretations of the same Biblical text, the words of Psalm 42:

Like as the hart desireth the water brooks, so longeth my soul after thee, O Lord

These words are meaningful in the life of Lady Isabelle as she experiences trauma and despair at different parts of the story. The Psalmist describes the emotions that all humankind can relate; that the human condition is fraught with pain and suffering, but also experiences moments of elation and joy. Even today, the discipline of reading the Psalms is a significant part of daily Christian liturgy and formation.

Book two, Queen of Heaven, also has an album of choral music to accompany the text. The pandemic has slightly derailed its recording and production, but it will come. And when it does, it is my hope that the emotional content of the pieces I have selected will serve to further heighten the drama of the events the reader experiences throughout the narrative.

Perhaps the reader also might find it helpful to consider the series and its main character in the context that it was envisioned. Lady Isabelle, who is also called Isa, is still a child in book one. Her voice is that of an adolescent, not a mature adult; it mirrors her age not the age of the reader. Isa has never lived anywhere but within the safety of her family structure. When the reader first meets her, she is an awkward fourteen-year-old mystic, sheltered and naïve to the ways of the world and men. But she is observant. She is independent-minded, and she is just starting to see what God’s purpose is for her. In book two, Isa is far more mature. Gone is any awkwardness and hesitance; she has become more assertive and is a strong self-advocate. Yet everything she does and in every relationship that she has, she speaks of the Divine. As its title suggests, in Queen of Heaven, the voice of God is presented to Lady Isabelle through the Virgin Mary; through a female leader; as a mother. This, in itself, is not unique. Isa has read and studied the words of Mother Julian of Norwich; she knows of Julian’s visions and that Julian, too, has been witness to the female Divine.

So as not to disappoint, I must caution that readers of Queen of Heaven will not find within its pages heavy panting or heaving thrusting; it is definitely not what many call a bodice-ripper. But for readers who enjoy an adventure led by a strong and articulate female protagonist, with detailed glimpses of medieval life set across Europe, England and Wales, dotted with notable historical figures of the time – among them Marsilio Ficino, Edmund, and Jasper Tudor, Margaret Beaufort (mother of Henry VII), plus many more – including a window to the Divine, then Queen of Heaven should not disappoint.

Happy reading! Ite missa est!

Rowan Cope signs first titles since joining the Duckworth Books team

Rowan Cope signs first titles since joining the Duckworth Books team

05/10/2021

Duckworth’s very own Rowan Cope has signed Priscilla Morris’ Black Butterflies and Carmel McMahon’s In Ordinary Time, as her first acquisitions since joining us in August.

Morris’ Black Butterflies will take readers inside the siege of Sarajevo through the eyes of Zora, an artist and teacher who finds herself trapped in the Bosnian capital. While the siege deepens, she tries to withstand the unstoppable degradation and destruction, eventually escaping to safety with her daughter in England during the bitter winter of 1992.

Cope acquired UK and Commonwealth rights from Sophie Lambert at C&W, for publication in May next year.

Mc Mahon’s non-fiction debut In Ordinary Time is a hybrid work of essays, poems and photographs drawing on the author’s family story and those of Irish women in the Celtic, early Christian and modern eras to explore themes of trauma, time, memory, and how we construct and record our history.

World English language rights were acquired from Paul Feldstein at the Feldstein Agency, for publication in February 2023.

Cope said: “I am thrilled to announce these two books, both by supremely talented and stimulating writers, as my first acquisitions for Duckworth. Both these titles and authors fit so well with the exciting direction in which we are taking the Duckworth list. Priscilla Morris’ debut novel set during the siege of Sarajevo is captivating, heartrending – an irresistible and beautifully crafted portrait of a woman and her city falling apart. As one is swept up in Priscilla’s storytelling, one also inevitably calls to mind the still-shocking fact that this siege, the longest in modern warfare, and the larger Balkans conflict of which it was part, happened on our doorstep and in our lifetime. We will publish to mark the thirtieth anniversary of the start of the siege (1992–96).

“Where the action of Black Butterflies focuses intensely on one unfolding event, Carmel Mc Mahon’s brilliant In Ordinary Time takes a broader view, reaching back into Irish history to tell a personal yet universally engaging story about family, class, trauma, grief, addiction, time and reconciliation. It is one of the most thought-provoking and absorbing works of creative non-fiction I have read all year, and recalled to me books such as Notes to Self, Motherwell and A Ghost in the Throat, though Carmel’s gift is all her own. Both these books mark the start of outstanding publishing careers.”

Rest in Pieces sources

Rest in Pieces sources

28/09/2021

Please note, the material below is arranged in alphabetical order by corpse, including the bodies mentioned in sidebars.

ALEXANDER THE GREAT

Bianchi, Robert S. “Hunting Alexander’s Tomb.” Archaeology 46 (July/August 1993). http://www.archaeology.org/online/features/alexander/tomb.html.

Cummings, Lewis V. Alexander the Great. New York: Grove Press, 2004.

Curtius, Quintus. History of Alexander. Book X. Translated by John C. Rolfe. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1946.

Doherty, Paul. The Death of Alexander the Great: What—or Who—Really Killed the Young Conqueror of the Known World? New York: Carroll & Graf, 2004.

Empereur, Jean-Yves. Alexandria Rediscovered. Translated by Margaret Maehler. New York: George Braziller, 1998.

Erskine, Andrew. “Life After Death: Alexandria and the Body of Alexander.” Greece & Rome 49, no. 2 (October 2002): 163–79.

Fox, Robin Lane. Alexander the Great. New York: Penguin Books, 2004.

Gialoúris, Nikólaos. The Search for Alexander: An Exhibition. New York: Little, Brown, 1980.

Saunders, Nicholas J. Alexander’s Tomb: The Two Thousand Year Obsession to Find the Lost Conqueror. New York: Basic Books, 2006.

Stoneman, Richard. Alexander the Great: A Life in Legend. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008.

JOHN BARRYMORE

Flynn, Errol. My Wicked, Wicked Ways: The Autobiography of Errol Flynn. New York: Cooper Square Press, 2003.

Kobler, John. Damned in Paradise: The Life of John Barrymore. New York: Atheneum, 1977.

Mank, Gregory William, Charles Heard, and Bill Nelson. Hollywood’s Hellfire Club: The Misadventures of John Barrymore, W. C. Fields, Errol Flynn and “the Bundy Drive Boys.” Los Angeles: Feral House, 2007.

Murphy, Edwin. After the Funeral: The Posthumous Adventures of Famous Corpses. New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1995.

Peters, Margot. The House of Barrymore. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990.

Schickel, Richard. The Men Who Made the Movies. New York: Atheneum, 1975.

Wallace, David. Lost Hollywood. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2001.

THOMAS BECKET

Butler, John. The Quest for Becket’s Bones: The Mystery of the Relics of St. Thomas Becket of Canterbury. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Koopmans, Rachel. Wonderful to Relate: Miracle Stories and Miracle Collecting in High Medieval England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.

Morgan, Christopher and Andrew Alderson. “Becket’s Bones ‘Kept Secretly at Canterbury for 460 Years.’ ” Sunday Times (UK), June 22, 1997.

Thornton, W. Pugin. “Surgical Report on a Skeleton Found in the Crypt of Canterbury Cathedral (1888).” Archaeologia Cantiana XVII (1889): 257–60.

Walsham, Alexandra. “Skeletons in the Cupboard: Relics after the English Reformation.” Past and Present 206, supplement 5 (2010): 121–43.

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

Bankl, Hans and Hans Jesserer. “The Discovery and Examination of Bone Fragments from Beethoven’s Skull.” Edited by William Meredith. Translated by Hannah Leibmann. Beethoven Journal 20, nos. 1 & 2 (Summer/Winter 2005): 66–73.

Breuning, Gerhard von. Memories of Beethoven: From the House of the Black-Robed Spaniards. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

———. “The Skulls of Beethoven and Schubert.” Edited by William Meredith. Translated by Hannah Leibmann. Beethoven Journal 20, nos. 1 & 2 (Summer/Winter 2005): 58–60.

Davies, Peter J. Beethoven in Person: His Deafness, Illnesses, and Death. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001.

Mai, François Martin. Diagnosing Genius: The Life and Death of Beethoven. Montreal, Canada: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2007.

Martin, Russell. Beethoven’s Hair. New York: Broadway Books, 2000.

Meredith, William. “The History of Beethoven’s Skull Fragments: Part One.” Beethoven Journal 20, nos. 1 & 2 (Summer/Winter 2005): 1–25.

———. “Essential Facts and Principles Concerning the Beethoven Skull Fragments.” Beethoven Journal 20, nos. 1 & 2 (Summer/Winter 2005): 94–95.

Murphy, Dave. “Beethoven Skull Fragments Resurface.” San Francisco Chronicle, November 18, 2005. http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/SAN-JOSE-Beethoven-skull-fragments-resurface-2560272.php.

Steen, Margaret. “Unravelling a 19th Century Mystery.” Stanford Business, May 2006.

JEREMY BENTHAM

Harte, Negley. “Radical Pants and the Pursuit of Happiness.” Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), September 9, 2005. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=198332&sectioncode=26.

Marmoy, C. F. A. “The ‘Auto-Icon’ of Jeremy Bentham at University College, London.” Medical History 2, no. 2 (April 1958): 77–86.

Rachlin, Harvey. “Jeremy Bentham: A Philosopher for the Ages.” In Lucy’s Bones, Sacred Stones, and Einstein’s Brain: The Remarkable Stories Behind the Great Objects and Artifacts of History, from Antiquity to the Modern Era, 203–7. New York: Henry Holt, 1996.

Richardson, Ruth. “Bentham and ‘Bodies for Dissection.’ ” Bentham Newsletter 10 (June 1986): 22–33.

Richardson, Ruth and Brian Hurwitz. “Jeremy Bentham’s Self-Image: An Exemplary Bequest for Dissection.” British Medical Journal 295 (1987): 195–98. doi: 10.1136/bmj.295.6591.195.

University College London Bentham Project. “Auto-Icon.” http://www.ucl.ac.uk/Bentham-Project/who/autoicon.

BILLY THE KID

Billy the Kid Museum. “About Billy the Kid.” http://billythekidmuseum.com/aboutbillythekid.htm.

Slatta, Richard W. The Mythical West: An Encyclopedia of Legend, Lore, and Popular Culture. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2001.

BIN LADEN, OSAMA

Harris, Paul. “Osama bin Laden Death: What to Do with Body Poses Dilemma for US.” Guardian (UK), May 2, 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/may/02/osama-bin-laden-body -burial.

Kakutani, Michiko. “Bin Laden’s End, from the Beginning.” Review of Manhunt, by Peter L. Bergen. New York Times, May 3, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/04/books/manhunt-by-peter-l-bergen-about-the-bin-laden-killing.html.

Lawrence, Chris. “ ‘No Land Alternative’ Prompts bin Laden Sea Burial.” CNN.com, May 2, 2011. http://www.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/aslapcf/05/02/bin.laden.burial.at.sea/index.html?iref=allsearch.

Leland, John and Elisabeth Bumiller. “Islamic Scholars Split Over Sea Burial for bin Laden.” New York Times, May 2, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/03/world/asia/03burial.html.

Lithwick, Dahlia. “Habeas Corpses: What Are the Rights of Dead People?” Slate, March 14, 2002. http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/jurisprudence/2002/03/habeas_corpses.single.html.

“The ‘Manhunt’ to Capture Osama bin Laden.” Review of Manhunt, by Peter L. Bergen. NPR.com, May 1, 2012. http://www.npr .org/2012/05/01/151766454/the-manhunt-to-capture-osama-bin-laden.

Matus, Victor. “On the Disposal of Dictators.” Policy Review, no. 134 (December 1, 2005). http://www.hoover.org/publications/policy-review/article/6528.

Schmidle, Nicholas. “Getting bin Laden: What Happened That Night in Abbottabad.” New Yorker, August 8, 2011. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/08/08/110808fa_fact_schmidle#ixzz1wWPAdSVY.

US Department of Defense. “DOD Background Briefing with Senior Defense Officials from the Pentagon and Senior Intelligence Officials by Telephone on US Operations Involving Osama bin Laden.” Transcript. May 2, 2011. http://www.defense.gov/Transcripts/Transcript.aspx?TranscriptID=4818.

Van Woerkom, Barbara. “Timeline: The Raid on Osama bin Laden’s Hideout.” NPR.org, May 3, 2011. http://www.npr.org/2011/05/03/135951504/timeline-the-raid-on-osama-bin-ladens-hideout.

Weitz, Yechiam. “ ‘We Have to Carry Out the Sentence.’ ” Haaretz, July 26, 2007. http://www.haaretz.com/weekend/week-s-end/we-have-to-carry-out-the-sentence-1.226299.

BLACK HAWK

King, Melanie. The Dying Game: A Curious History of Death. Oxford, UK: Oneworld Publications, 2008.

Trask, Kerry A. Black Hawk: The Battle for the Heart of America. New York: Henry Holt, 2006.

Wesson, Sarah, ed. “Makataimeshekiakiak: Black Hawk and His War.” Davenport (Iowa) Public Library. http://www.qcmemory.org/genealogy-and-history/local-history-info/the-people/black-hawk/.

WILLIAM BLAKE

Bentley, G. E. Jr. The Stranger From Paradise: A Biography of William Blake. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001.

City of London. “Bunhill Fields Burial Ground.” http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/Corporation/LGNL_Services/Environment_and_planning/Parks_and_open_spaces/City_Gardens/bunhill.htm.

Friends of William Blake. “Blake Society’s Proposed Design.” http://www.friendsofblake.org/blake_proposed_design.htm.

Garrido, Luis and Carol Garrido. William Blake’s Final Resting Place. Self-published, 2005. Available at http://www.friendsofblake.org.

LORD BYRON

Barber, Thomas Gerrard. Byron—And Where He Is Buried. Hucknall, UK: H. Morley & Sons, 1939.

Crane, David. The Kindness of Sisters: Annabella Milbanke and the Destruction of the Byrons. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.

Dash, Mike. “Erotic Secrets of Lord Byron’s Tomb.” Dry as Dust: A Fortean in the Archives (blog). http://blogs.forteana.org/node/147.

Eisler, Benita. Byron: Child of Passion, Fool of Fame. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999.

Houldsworth, Arnold E. “Opening of Lord Byron’s Vault, 15 June 1938.” In The Life of Byron, by Elizabeth Longford, 223–26. Boston: Little, Brown, 1976.

Lewis, Anthony. “At Last Lord Byron Gets Place in Poets’ Corner in Westminster.” New York Times, May 7, 1968.

MacCarthy, Fiona. Byron: Life and Legend. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2002.

Minta, Stephen. On a Voiceless Shore: Byron in Greece. New York: Henry Holt, 1998.

Rogers, Byron. Me: The Authorised Biography. London: Aurum, 2009.

Whipple, A. B. C. The Fatal Gift of Beauty: The Final Years of Byron and Shelley. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.

BUDDHA

Herath, Dharmaratna. The Tooth Relic and the Crown. Colombo, Sri Lanka: s.n., 1994.

Manseau, Peter. Rag and Bone: A Journey Among the World’s Holy Dead. New York: Henry Holt, 2009.

BURNHAM, LINDON FORBES

Zbarksy, Ilya and Samuel Hutchinson. Lenin’s Embalmers. Translated by Barbara Bray. London: Harvill Press, 1999.

BUTCH CASSIDY

Meadows, Anne. Digging up Butch and Sundance. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003.

Slatta, Richard W. The Mythical West: An Encyclopedia of Legend, Lore, and Popular Culture. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2001.

Walker, Dale L. Legends and Lies: Great Mysteries of the American West. New York: Forge, 1997.

CHARLIE CHAPLIN

“Archive: On This Day.” Birmingham (UK) Post, March 2, 2002.

Associated Press. “Body Steal Suspect Sentenced.” Prescott (AZ) Courier, December 13, 1978.

“Chaplin Body Stolen from Swiss Grave.” New York Times, March 3, 1978.

“Chaplin’s Body Found Near His Swiss Home.” New York Times, May 18, 1978.

Fleischman, Sid. Sir Charlie Chaplin: The Funniest Man in the World. New York: Greenwillow Books, 2010.

Kannard, Brian. Skullduggery: 45 True Tales of Disturbing the Dead. Nashville, TN: Grave Distractions Press, 2009.

Molotsky, Irvin. “F.B.I.; The Chaplin Files: Can It Happen Again?” New York Times, January 22, 1986.

Robinson, David. Chaplin: His Life and Art. New York: Da Capo Press, 1994.

Scovell, Jane. Oona: Living in the Shadows. New York: Warner Books, 1998.

Vinocur, John. “Chaplin’s Village Has Difficulty in Discussing Theft of His Coffin; He Wasn’t Known Well.” New York Times, March 4, 1978.

CICERO

Critchley, Simon. The Book of Dead Philosophers. New York: Vintage Books, 2009.

Edwards, Catharine. Death in Ancient Rome. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

Associated Press. “DNA Verifies Columbus’ Remains in Spain.” NBCNews.com, May 19, 2006. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/12871458/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/dna-verifies-columbus-remains-spain/#.UCQqQo5xLpQ.

“Columbus Mystery Unravels.” BBC News, September 19, 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2268571.stm.

“ ‘Columbus Remains’ Taken for Tests.” BBC News, June 3, 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2958034.stm.

“Dominican Republic: Where Lies Columbus?” Time, January 13, 1961.

Granzotto, Gianni. Christopher Columbus: The Dream and the Obsession. Translated by Stephen Sartarelli. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1985.

Harney, Lisa. Columbus: Secrets from the Grave. DVD. Directed by Lisa Harney and Tom Pollock. Silver Spring, MD: Discovery Communications, 2004.

Hayden, Deborah. “Alas, Poor Yorick: Digging Up the Dead to Make Medical Diagnoses.” PLoS Medicine 2, no. 3 (2005): 184–86. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0020060.

Kraus, Hans P. Sir Francis Drake: A Pictorial Biography. Amsterdam: N. Israel, 1970.

Lorenzi, Rossella. “DNA Suggests Columbus Remains in Spain.” Discovery News, October 6, 2004. http://dsc.discovery.com/news/briefs/20041004/columbus.html.

Nader, Helen. “Burial Places of Columbus.” In The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. Edited by Silvio A. Bedini. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

———. “Last Will and Testament.” In The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. Edited by Silvio A. Bedini. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

Schmidt-Nowara, Christopher. The Conquest of History: Spanish Colonialism and National Histories in the Nineteenth Century. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006.

Sharrock, David. “DNA may reveal the last voyage of Columbus’s bones.” Times (UK), June 3, 2003.

Shea, John Gilmary. “Where Are the Remains of Christopher Columbus?” Magazine of American History IX (January 1883).

Thacher, John Boyd. Christopher Columbus, His Life, His Work, His Remains as Revealed by Original Printed and Manuscript Records, Together with an Essay on Peter Martyr of Anghera and Bartolomé de las Casas, the First Historians of America. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1903–4.

Twiss, Sir Travers. Christopher Columbus: A Monograph on His True Burial Place. London: Trübner, 1879.

Woolls, Daniel. “Who Is Really Buried in Columbus’s Tombs? Teacher Pushes for DNA Tests on Remains.” Washington Post, June 30, 2002.

ALISTAIR COOKE

“Alistair Cooke’s Bones ‘Stolen.’ ” BBC News, December 22, 2005.

Borenstein, Seth and Marilynn Marchione, Associated Press. “US Steps Up Inspections of Human Tissue Industry.” Boston Globe, June 13, 2007. http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/06/13/us_steps_up_inspections_of_human_tissue_ industry/.

Brick, Michael. “Alistair Cooke’s Bones Were Stolen for Implantation, His Family Says.” New York Times, December 23, 2005.http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/23/nyregion/23cooke.html.

———. “4 Men Charged in What Officials Call a $4.6 Million Trade in Human Body Parts.” New York Times, February 24, 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/24/nyregion/24corpses.html.

Brick, Michael and Andy Newman. “Dentist’s Surrender Sought in Inquiry Into Plot to Loot Corpses.” New York Times, February 23, 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/23/nyregion/23parts.html.

Cantor, Norman L. After We Die: The Life and Times of the Human Cadaver. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2010.

Chan, Sewell. “Man Sentenced for Plundering Body Parts.” New York Times, June 27, 2008. http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes .com/2008/06/27/man-sentenced-for-plundering-body-parts/.

Feuer, Alan. “Dentist Pleads Guilty to Stealing and Selling Body Parts.” New York Times, March 19, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/19/nyregion/thecity/19bones.html.

Howard, Kate. “Alistair Cooke’s Ashes Scattered in Central Park.” Telegraph (UK), May 30, 2004. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1463173/Alistair-Cookes-ashes-scattered-in-Central-Park.html.

Kings County District Attorney. “Kings County District Attorney Charles J. Hynes, Police Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly, Department of Investigation Commissioner Rose Gill Hearn, and Rochester District Attorney Michael C. Green Announce Expanded Indictment in Illegal Tissue Harvesting Scheme.” Press release. Brooklyn, NY: October 18, 2006. http://www.brooklynda.org/News/press_releases_2006.htm#054.

McCarty, Mark. “FDA Gathers New Task Force Focused on Tissue Bank Issues.” Medical Device Daily, September 1, 2006.

“Plea Deal in US Body Parts Case.” BBC News, January 16, 2008.

Wells, Martha. “Current Good Tissue Practice (CGTP) Draft Guidance.” US Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/downloads/BiologicsBloodVaccines/ . . . /UCM191675.pp.

Witten, Celia and David Elder. “Report of the Human Tissue Task Force.” US Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/downloads/ . . . /TissueSafety/UCM114829.pdf.

US Food and Drug Administration. “FDA Forms Task Force on Human Tissue Safety.” Press release. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/2006/ucm108721.htm.

Zahn, Paula. “West Virginia Says Good-bye to Killed Miners.” Transcript. Paula Zahn Now, CNN, January 9, 2006. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0601/09/pzn.01.html.

OLIVER CROMWELL

Altick, Richard D. The Shows of London. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1978.

Arnold, Catharine. Necropolis: London and Its Dead. London: Simon & Schuster UK, 2006.

Fitzgibbons, Jonathan. Cromwell’s Head. Kew, UK: National Archives, 2008.

“Religion: Roundhead on the Pike.” Time, May 6, 1957.

DANTE ALIGHIERI

Barbi, Michele. Life of Dante. Edited and translated by Paul G. Ruggiers. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1954.

“Discovery of Dante’s Remains.” New York Times, July 2, 1865.

Lindskoog, Kathryn Ann. Dante’s Divine Comedy. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1997–98.

Moore, Edward. Studies in Dante: Textual Criticism of the “Convivio” and Miscellaneous Essays. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 1917.

Moore, Malcolm. “Dante’s Infernal Crimes Forgiven.” Telegraph, June 17, 2008. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/ howaboutthat/2145378/Dantes-infernal-crimes-forgiven.html.

“Perpetual Lamps for Dante’s Tombs.” New York Times, October 20, 1907.

Reynolds, Barbara. Dante: The Poet, the Political Thinker, the Man. Emeryville, CA: Shoemaker & Hoard, 2006.

Roush, Sherry. “Dante Ravennate and Boccaccio Ferrarese? Post-Mortem Residency and the Attack on Florentine Literary Hegemony, 1480–1520.” Viator 35 (2004): 543–62.

Toynbee, Paget. Dante Alighieri: His Life and Works. New York: Macmillan, 1910.

RENÉ DESCARTES

Critchley, Simon. The Book of Dead Philosophers. New York: Vintage Books, 2009.

Hughes, Stella. “Skull’s Odyssey Tracked.” Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), August 30, 1996. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=99414&sectioncode=26.

Shorto, Russell. Descartes’ Bones: A Skeletal History of the Conflict Between Faith and Reason. New York: Doubleday, 2008.

JOHN DILLINGER

Gorn, Elliott J. “Is It True What They Said About John Dillinger?” OUPblog (blog). http://blog.oup.com/2009/07/dillinger_dick/.

Perrottet, Tony. Napoleon’s Privates: 2,500 Years of History Unzipped. New York: HarperCollins, 2008.

GEORGI DIMITROV

Carvalho, Joaquim, ed. Religion and Power in Europe: Conflict and Convergence. Pisa, Italy: Edizione Plus, Pisa University Press, 2007.

King, Melanie. The Dying Game: A Curious History of Death. Oxford, UK: Oneworld Publications, 2008.

ALBERT EINSTEIN

Abraham, Carolyn. Possessing Genius: The Bizarre Odyssey of Einstein’s Brain. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2002.

Anderson, Britt and Thomas Harvey. “Alterations in Cortical Thickness and Neuronal Density in the Frontal Cortex of Albert Einstein.” Neuroscience Letters 210, no. 3 (June 1996): 161–64.

Avril, Tom. “Samples of Einstein’s Brain on Display at the Mütter Museum.” Philadelphia Inquirer, November 18, 2011. http://articles.philly.com/2011–11–18/news/30414935_1_slides-brainsamples.

Bunn, Geoff. “Einstein’s Brain.” A History of the Brain, BBC Radio 4, November 18, 2011.

Burrell, Brian. Postcards from the Brain Museum: The Improbable Search for Meaning in the Matter of Famous Minds. New York: Broadway Books, 2004.

Hamilton, Jon. “Einstein’s Brain Unlocks Some Mysteries of the Mind.” Morning Edition, NPR, June 2, 2010. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=126229305.

Inskeep, Steve. “The Long, Strange Journey of Einstein’s Brain.” Morning Edition, NPR, April 18, 2005. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4602913.

Isaacson, Walter. Einstein: His Life and Universe. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Kong, Dolores. “Einstein’s Brain Was Different, Study Finds; Greater Parietal Lobe Width Cited.” Boston Globe, June 18, 1999.

Roberts, Siobhan. “A Hands-on Approach to Studying the Brain, Even Einstein’s.” New York Times, November 14, 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/14/science/14prof.html.

FREDERICK THE GREAT

Alford, Kenneth D. Nazi Plunder: Great Treasure Stories of World War II. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2001.

Edsel, Robert M. and Bret Witter. The Monuments Men: Allied Heroes, Nazi Thieves, and the Greatest Treasure Hunt in History. New York: Center Street, 2009.

Fisher, Marc. “Frederick the Grave; Germany Split over Prussian’s Reburial.” Washington Post, August 17, 1991.

James, Barry. “200 Years Later, Frederick the Great Still Makes Trouble.” New York Times, August 15, 1991. http://www.nytimes.com/1991/08/15/news/15iht-grea.html?pagewanted=all.

MacDonogh, Giles. Frederick the Great: A Life in Deed and Letters. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Palmer, Alan W. Frederick the Great. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1974.

GALILEO GALILEI

Bronowski, Jacob. The Ascent of Man. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.

Donadio, Rachel. “A Museum Display of Galileo Has a Saintly Feel.” New York Times, July 22, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/23/world/europe/23galileo.html?pagewanted=all.

Finocchiaro, Maurice A. “That Galileo Was Imprisoned and Tortured for Advocating Copernicanism.” In Galileo Goes to Jail: And Other Myths About Science and Religion. Edited by Ronald L. Numbers, 69–78. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.

“Galileo’s Tooth, Thumb and Finger Go on Display.” Telegraph (UK), June 8, 2010.

Galluzzi, Paolo. “The Sepulchers of Galileo: The ‘Living’ Remains of a Hero of Science.” In The Cambridge Companion to Galileo. Edited by Peter Machamer. 417–47. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Hooper, John. “Scientists to Test DNA to Find Out if Galileo Could Really See Stars.” Guardian (UK), January 22, 2009. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jan/23/galileo-dna-test.

Shea, William and Mariano Artigas. “The Galileo Affair.” Universidad de Navarra. http://www.unav.es/cryf/galileoaffair.html.

Sobel, Dava. “Galileo’s Universe.” New York Times, November 21, 1999. http://www.nytimes.com/1999/11/21/magazine/galileo-s-universe.html.

———. Galileo’s Daughter: A Historical Memoir of Science, Faith, and Love. New York: Walker & Co., 1999.

GERONIMO

Bass, Carole. “The Story behind the Geronimo Lawsuit.” Yale Alumni Magazine, February 19, 2009.

Giago, Tim. “Where Are They Hiding Geronimo’s Skull?” Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, August 28, 2000.

Lassila, Kathrin Day and Mark Alden Branch. “Whose Skull and Bones?” Yale Alumni Magazine, May/June 2006. http://www.yalealumnimagazine.com/issues/2006_05/notebook.html.

McKinley, James C. Jr. “Geronimo’s Heirs Sue Secret Yale Society over His Skull.” New York Times, February 19, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/20/us/20geronimo.html.

Pember, Mary Annette. “ ‘Tomb raiders’: Yale’s Ultra-Secret Skull and Bones Society Is Believed to Possess the Skull of Legendary Apache Chief Geronimo.” Diverse Issues in Higher Education, July 12, 2007.

Robbins, Alexandra. Secrets of the Tomb: Skull and Bones, the Ivy League, and the Hidden Paths of Power. Boston: Little, Brown, 2002.

Rosenbaum, Ron. “I Stole the Head of Prescott Bush! More Scary Skull and Bones Tales.” New York Observer, July 17, 2000. http://www.observer.com/2000/07/i-stole-the-head-of-prescott-bush-more-scary-skull-and-bones-tales.

Tomsho, Robert. “Dig Through Archives Reopens the Issue of Geronimo’s Skull.” Wall Street Journal, May 8, 2006. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB114705004282246274.html.

Wortman, Marc. “The Skull—and the Bones.” Vanity Fair, September 15, 2011. http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/ 2011/10/geronimo-201110.

KLEMENT GOTTWALD

Zbarksy, Ilya and Samuel Hutchinson. Lenin’s Embalmers. Translated by Barbara Bray. London: Harvill Press, 1999.

FRANCISCO GOYA

Dickey, Colin. Cranioklepty: Grave Robbing and the Search for Genius. Denver: Unbridled Books, 2009.

Fuentes, Carlos. The Buried Mirror: Reflections on Spain and the New World. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992.

GRIP THE RAVEN

Capuzzo, Mike. “The Raven of Poe’s Famous Poem Is a Feather in Free Library’s Cap.” Philadelphia Inquirer, June 13, 1993. http://articles.philly.com/1993–06–13/living/25974023_1_grip-barnaby-rudge-raven.

“Grip.” Free Library of Philadelphia. http://libwww.freelibrary.org/dickens/CharlesDickens_Grip.pdf.

Johnson, Celia Blue. Dancing with Mrs. Dalloway: Stories of the Inspiration Behind Great Works of Literature. New York: Perigee, 2011.

CHE GUEVARA

Anderson, Jon Lee. Che Guevara: A Revolutionary Life. New York: Grove Press, 1997.

Castañeda, Jorge G. Compañero: The Life and Death of Che Guevara. Translated by Maria Castañeda. New York: Vintage Books, 1998.

Harris, Richard. Death of a Revolutionary: Che Guevara’s Last Mission. New York: W. W. Norton, 2000.

Rohter, Larry. “Cuba Buries Che, the Man, but Keeps the Myth Alive.” New York Times, October 18, 1997. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/10/18/world/cuba-buries-che-the-man-but-keeps-the-myth-alive.html pagewanted=all&src=pm.

THOMAS HARDY

Millgate, Michael. Thomas Hardy: A Biography. New York: Random House, 1982.

Murphy, Edwin. After the Funeral: The Posthumous Adventures of Famous Corpses. New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1995.

JOSEPH HAYDN

Butterworth, Neil. Haydn: His Life and Times. Neptune City, NJ: Paganiniana Publications, 1980.

Calvert, George H., ed. Illustrations of Phrenology: Being a Selection of Articles from the Edinburgh Phrenological Society. Baltimore: W. & J. Neal, 1832.

Dickey, Colin. Cranioklepty: Grave Robbing and the Search for Genius. Denver: Unbridled Books, 2009.

Gall, Franz Josef. On the Functions of the Brain and of Each of Its Parts: With Observations on the Possibility of Determining the Instincts, Propensities, and Talents, or the Moral and Intellectual Dispositions of Men and Animals, by the Configuration of the Brain and Head. Boston: Marsh, Capen & Lyon, 1835.

Hadden, James Cuthbert. Haydn. London: J. M. Dent, 1902.

“Haydn’s Skull Is Returned: After Theft 145 Years Ago, Body Is Complete.” Life, June 28, 1954.

R. “The Skull of Joseph Haydn.” Musical Times 73, no. 1076 (October 1, 1932): 942–43.

“Skull Is Restored to Haydn’s Grave.” New York Times, June 6, 1954.

Townley, Simon. “Hunting Haydn’s Head.” BBC Radio 4, May 30, 2009. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00kmgrx.

ADOLF HITLER

Ainsztein, Reuben. Review of The Death of Adolf Hitler: Unknown Documents from Soviet Archives, by Lev Bezymenski. International Affairs 45, no. 2 (April 1969): 294–95.

———. “How Hitler Died: The Soviet Version.” International Affairs 43, no. 2 (April 1967): 307–18.

Beevor, Antony. “Hitler’s Jaws of Death.” New York Times, October 10, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/11/opinion/11beevor.html.

Bezymenski, Lev. The Death of Adolf Hitler: Unknown Documents from Soviet Archives. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968.

Bullock, Alan. Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992.

Fest, Joachim C. Inside Hitler’s Bunker: The Last Days of the Third Reich. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004.

Fuchs, Thomas. A Concise Biography of Adolf Hitler. New York: Berkley Books, 2000.

Goñi, Uki. “Tests on Skull Fragment Cast Doubt on Adolf Hitler Suicide Story.” Guardian (UK), September 26, 2009. http://www .guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/27/adolf-hitler-suicide-skull-fragment.

Halpin, Tony and Roger Boyes. “Russia fights back in battle of Hitler’s skull—DNA tests have got it all wrong, says Moscow archive.” Times (UK), December 9, 2009.

Kershaw, Ian. Hitler: 1936–1945: Nemesis. New York: W. W. Norton, 2000.

———. Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton, 2008.

Parparov, Fyodor. The Hitler Book: The Secret Dossier Prepared for Stalin from the Interrogations of Hitler’s Personal Aides. Edited by Hank Eberle and Matthias Uhl. Translated by Giles MacDonogh. New York: Public Affairs, 2005.

Petrova, Ada and Peter Watson. The Death of Hitler: The Final Words from Russia’s Secret Archives. London: Richard Cohen Books, 1995.

Rosenbaum, Ron. Explaining Hitler: The Search for the Origins of His Evil. New York: Random House, 1998.

Sognnaes, Reidar F. “Dental Evidence in the Postmortem Identification of Adolf Hitler, Eva Braun, and Martin Bormann.” Legal Medicine Annual 1977: 173–235.

———. “Talking Teeth: The Developing Field of Forensic Dentistry Can Increasingly Aid the Legal and Medical Professions in Problems of Identification.” American Scientist 64, no. 4 (July–August 1976): 369–73.

Tkachenko, Maxim. “Official: KGB Chief Ordered Hitler’s Remains Destroyed.” CNN.com, December 11, 2009. http://articles.cnn.com/2009–12–11/world/russia.hitler.remains_1_soviet-armysoviet-military-facility-soviet-communist-party-leadership?_s=PM:WORLD.

Toland, John. Adolf Hitler. Vol 2. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976.

Trevor-Roper, Hugh. The Last Days of Hitler. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Vinogradov, V. K., J. F. Pogonyi, and N. V. Teptzov. Hitler’s Death: Russia’s Last Great Secret from the Files of the KGB. London: Chaucer Press, 2005.

HO CHI MINH

Zbarksy, Ilya and Samuel Hutchinson. Lenin’s Embalmers. Translated by Barbara Bray. London: Harvill Press, 1999.

ZORA NEALE HURSTON

Plant, Deborah G. Zora Neale Hurston: A Biography of the Spirit. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2007.

Walker, Alice. In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens: Womanist Prose. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1983.

JESSE JAMES

“Exhumation Is Approved for Jesse James’s Remains.” New York Times, July 9, 1995.

Hanna, Bill. “In Search of Jesse James: Second Disinterment Debated.” Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, January 18, 2001.

“Jesse James’s Remains Disinterred and Moved.” New York Times, June 30, 1902.

Kammen, Michael G. Digging Up the Dead: A History of Notable American Reburials. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Ripley, Amanda. “Bone Hunter.” Washington City Paper, March 13, 1998. http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/articles/14597/bone-hunter.

Settle, William A. Jr. Jesse James Was His Name: Or, Fact and Fiction Concerning the Careers of the Notorious James Brothers of Missouri. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1966.

Stiles, T. J. Jesse James: Last Rebel of the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.

Stone, Anne C., James E. Starrs, and Mark Stoneking. “Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Presumptive Remains of Jesse James.” Journal of Forensic Sciences 46, no. 1 (2001): 173–76.

“The True Story of Jesse James.” Jesse James Wax Museum. http://www.jessejameswaxmuseum.com/true_story.php.

Walker, Dale L. Legends and Lies: Great Mysteries of the American West. New York: Forge, 1997.

Yeatman, Ted P. Frank and Jesse James: The Story Behind the Legend. Nashville, TN: Cumberland House, 2000.

JESUS

Farley, David. “Fore Shame: Did the Vatican Steal Jesus’ Foreskin So People Would Shut Up About the Savior’s Penis?” Slate.com, December 19, 2006. http://www.slate.com/articles/life/faithbased/2006/12/fore_shame.single.html.

Manseau, Peter. Rag and Bone: A Journey Among the World’s Holy Dead. New York: Henry Holt, 2009.

Perrottet, Tony. Napoleon’s Privates: 2,500 Years of History Unzipped. New York: HarperCollins, 2008.

JOAN OF ARC

Butler, Declan. “Joan of Arc’s Relics Exposed as Forgery.” Nature 446, no. 593 (April 5, 2007). doi: 10.1038=446593a.

Taylor, Larissa Juliet. The Virgin Warrior: The Life and Death of Joan of Arc. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009.

Viegas, Jennifer. “Joan of Arc ‘Relics’ Confirmed to Be Fake.” Discovery News, January 20, 2010. http://news.discovery.com/history/religious-relics-joan-of-arc-forgery.html.

JOHN PAUL JONES

Farquhar, Michael. A Treasury of Great American Scandals: Tantalizing True Tales of Historic Misbehavior by the Founding Fathers and Others Who Let Freedom Swing. New York: Penguin Books, 2003.

“Finding the Body of Admiral Paul Jones in Paris.” Scientific American, May 6, 1905.

“John Paul Jones.” US Naval Academy Public Affairs Office. http://www.usna.edu/PAO/facts/faqjpj.htm.

Kammen, Michael G. Digging Up the Dead: A History of Notable American Reburials. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Murphy, Edwin. After the Funeral: The Posthumous Adventures of Famous Corpses. New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1995.

Porter, Horace. “The Recovery of the Body of John Paul Jones.” In Paul Jones, Founder of the American Navy: A History, by Augustus C. Buell, 335–92. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1906.

Rachlin, Harvey. “The Crypt of John Paul Jones.” In Lucy’s Bones, Sacred Stones, and Einstein’s Brain: The Remarkable Stories Behind the Great Objects and Artifacts of History, from Antiquity to the Modern Era, 157–172. New York: Henry Holt, 1996.

NED KELLY

“Anatomy and Ned Kelly.” Adelaide Advertiser (Australia), August 4, 1945.

Australian Associated Press. “Public’s Help Sought to Identify Ned Kelly’s Skull.” Sydney Morning Herald (Australia), June 21, 2010. http://www.smh.com.au/national/publics-help-sought-to-identify-ned-kellys-skull-20100620-ypce.html.

———. “Scientists Identify Ned Kelly’s Remains.” Sydney Morning Herald (Australia), September 1, 2011.

Ballantine, Derek. “I’ve Got Ned’s Head.” Melbourne Herald Sun (Australia), December 6, 1998.

Castles, Alex C. and Jennifer Castles. Ned Kelly’s Last Days: Setting the Record Straight on the Death of an Outlaw. Crows Nest, New South Wales, Australia: Allen & Unwin, 2005.

Ciallella, Rebecca. Ned’s Head. Special Broadcasting Service (Australia), 2011.

Crossland, Zoe. “Of Clues and Signs: The Dead Body and Its Evidential Traces.” American Anthropologist 111, no. 1: 69–80. doi:10.1111/j.1548–1433.2009.01078.x.

Heinrichs, Paul. “Skullduggery Denied in the Story of How Ned Kelly’s Head Was Lost and Found Again.” Age (Australia), April 17, 1998.

Kenneally, Christine. “A Hero’s Legend and a Stolen Skull Rustle Up a DNA Drama.” New York Times, August 31, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/06/science/06kelly.html.

Levy, Megan. “Ned Kelly’s Remains Found.” Age (Australia), September 1, 2011.

McDermott, Alex, ed. “The Apocalyptic Chant of Edward Kelly.” In The Jerilderie Letter, by Ned Kelly, v–xxxiv. London: Faber & Faber, 2001.

The Ned Kelly Project. “Scientists at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine Have Identified the Body of Ned Kelly.” Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine. http://www.vifm.org/forensics/the-ned-kelly-project.

“Ned Kelly’s Bones.” Launceston (Tasmania) Examiner, April 16, 1929.

“Ned Kelly’s Bones Must Be Returned.” Sydney Morning Herald (Australia), April 16, 1929.

“Ned Kelly’s Grave.” Melbourne Argus (Australia), April 13, 1929.

“Ned’s Head.” Transcript. Rewind, ABC (Australia), 2004. http://www.abc.net.au/tv/rewind/txt/s1168553.htm.

O’Brien, Kerry. “Ned Kelly’s Skull.” Transcript. 7:30 Report, ABC (Australia), January 25, 2000. http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/stories/s95433.htm.

O’Loughlin, Toni. “Australian Farmer Claims Skull Is Ned Kelly’s.” Guardian (UK), November 13, 2009. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/nov/13/farmer-ned-kelly-skull-claim.

SØREN KIERKEGAARD

Lowrie, Walter. A Short Life of Kierkegaard. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1970.

Taylor, Mark C. and Dietrich Christian Lammerts. Grave Matters. London: Reaktion Books, 2002.

KIM IL SUNG

McCurry, Justin. “North Korea Announces Kim Jong-il Will Be Embalmed and Put on Display.” Guardian (UK), January 12, 2012. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jan/12/kim-jong-il-embalmed-display.

Zbarksy, Ilya and Samuel Hutchinson. Lenin’s Embalmers. Translated by Barbara Bray. London: Harvill Press, 1999.

KIM JONG IL

McCurry, Justin. “North Korea Announces Kim Jong-il Will Be Embalmed and Put on Display.” Guardian (UK), January 12, 2012. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jan/12/kim-jong-il-embalmed-display.

Yoon, Sangwon. “Kim Jong Un Mourns Father in Pyongyang.” Bloomberg, December 28, 2011. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011–12–27/north-korea-may-fete-touching-drama-for-kim-funeral-ushering-power-shift.html.

D. H. LAWRENCE

Bachrach, Arthur J. D. H. Lawrence in New Mexico: “The Time Is Different There.” Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2006.

Ellis, David. D. H. Lawrence: Dying Game, 1922–1930. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

———. Death and the Author: How D. H. Lawrence Died, and Was Remembered. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Ferris, Tina and Virginia Hyde. “National Register Nomination for the D. H. Lawrence Ranch, Section 8: Narrative Statement of Significance, Continued; Pt. 6: Frieda’s Ranch Years.” D. H. Lawrence Society of North America, 2004. http://dhlsna.com/Frieda.htm.

Maddox, Brenda. D. H. Lawrence: The Story of a Marriage. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Maurer, Rachel. “The D. H. Lawrence Ranch.” Taos Summer Writers’ Conference. http://www.unm.edu/~taosconf/Taos/DHlawrence.htm.

Murphy, Edwin. After the Funeral: The Posthumous Adventures of Famous Corpses. New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1995.

Sagar, Keith Milson. The Life of D. H. Lawrence: An Illustrated Biography. London: Methuen, 1982.

Thackray, Rachelle. “D. H. Lawrence Must Stay in US, Say Family.” Independent (UK), June 14, 1998. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/d-h-lawrence-must-stay-in-us-say-family-1164854.html.

Worthen, John. D. H. Lawrence: The Life of an Outsider. New York: Counterpoint, 2005.

TIMOTHY LEARY

Ahrens, Frank. “Up in Smoke: For 24 Dearly Departed, a Rocket Trip Around the World.” Washington Post, March 3, 1997.

Colker, David. “Leary Severs Ties to Cryonics Advocates.” Los Angeles Times, May 9, 1996. http://articles.latimes.com/1996–05–09/local/me-7623_1_cryonic-suspension.

Greenfield, Robert. Timothy Leary: A Biography. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 2006.

Leary, Timothy and R. U. Sirius. Design for Dying. New York: HarperEdge, 1997.

Mansnerus, Laura. “Timothy Leary, Pied Piper of Psychedelic 60’s, Dies at 75.” New York Times, June 1, 1996.

Rushkoff, Douglas. “Leary’s Last Trip.” Esquire, August 1996.

Simons, Marlise. “A Final Turn-On Lifts Timothy Leary Off.” New York Times, April 22, 1997. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/04/22/world/a-final-turn-on-lifts-timothy-leary-off.html.

Wertheimer, Linda. “Counterculture Icon Timothy Leary Tunes Out for Good.” All Things Considered, NPR, May 31, 1996.

VLADIMIR LENIN

Ayres, Sabra. “Lenin Still a Draw—Bleach Fixes and All.” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, February 18, 2005. http://www.seattlepi.com/national/212722_lenin19.html.

Brooke, Caroline. Moscow: A Cultural History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Carvalho, Joaquim, ed. Religion and Power in Europe: Conflict and Convergence. Pisa, Italy: Edizione Plus, Pisa University Press, 2007.

Chivers, C. J. “Russia Weighs What to Do with Lenin’s Body.” New York Times, October 5, 2005. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/05/international/europe/05lenin.html.

Harrigan, Steve. “Yeltsin Vows to Bury Lenin Once and for All.” CNN.com, July 13, 1999. http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/europe/9907/13/lenin.burial.

Kaplan, Fred. “He’s Had Work: Preserving the Face of a Revolution.” New York Times, February 28, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/28/theater/28embalmer.html.

“Lenin’s Brain.” Max Planck Institute for Brain Research. http://www.brain.mpg.de/institute/history/lenins-brain/.

Tumarkin, Nina. Lenin Lives! The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Verdery, Katherine. The Political Lives of Dead Bodies: Reburial and Postsocialist Change. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

Weir, Fred. “Goodbye Lenin? Russians Consider Burying Former Soviet Leader’s Corpse (Finally).” Christian Science Monitor, January 28, 2011. http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2011/0128/Goodbye-Lenin-Russians-consider-burying-former-Soviet-leader-s-corpse-finally.

Zbarksy, Ilya and Samuel Hutchinson. Lenin’s Embalmers. Translated by Barbara Bray. London: Harvill Press, 1999.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Craughwell, Thomas J. Stealing Lincoln’s Body. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

“Gleanings from the Mails: A Remarkable Counterfeit.” New York Times, October 1, 1877.

Hickey, James T. “Robert Todd Lincoln and His Father’s Grave Robbers: Or, Left in the Lurch by the Secret Service.” Illinois Historical Journal 77, no. 4 (Winter 1984): 295–300.

Hill, Nancy. “The Transformation of the Lincoln Tomb.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 27, no. 1 (Winter 2006). http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.2629860.0027.105.

Power, John Carroll. History of an Attempt to Steal the Body of Abraham Lincoln. Springfield, IL: H. W. Rokker, 1890.

“Rare Photos of Lincoln’s Exhumation: Strange History Brought to Light.” Life, February 15, 1963.

DAVID LIVINGSTONE

Jeal, Tim. Livingstone. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1973.

Livingstone, David. The Life and African Explorations of Dr. David Livingstone. New York: Cooper Square Press, 2002.

Murphy, Edwin. After the Funeral: The Posthumous Adventures of Famous Corpses. New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1995.

Pettitt, Clare. Dr. Livingstone, I Presume?: Missionaries, Journalists, Explorers, and Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Ransford, Oliver. David Livingstone: The Dark Interior. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1978.

Seaver, George. David Livingstone: His Life and Letters. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1957.

Watson, Jeremy. “Heroes of Livingstone’s Last Trek Revealed.” Scotland on Sunday (UK), May 20, 2007.

MAO ZEDONG

Gay, Kathlyn. Mao Zedong’s China. Minneapolis: Twenty-first Century Books, 2008.

GROUCHO MARX

Associated Press. “Groucho Marx’s Ashes Taken.” New York Times, May 19, 1982. http://www.nytimes.com/1982/05/19/us/groucho-marx-s-ashes-taken.html.

MICHELANGELO

Giunta, Jacopo. The Divine Michelangelo: The Florentine Academy’s Homage on His Death in 1564. Introduced, translated, and annotated by Rudolf and Margot Wittkower. London: Phaidon, 1964.

Walker, Paul Robert. The Feud That Sparked the Renaissance: How Brunelleschi and Ghiberti Changed the Art World. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.

JOHN MILTON

Barton, Carol. “ ‘Ill Fare the Hands That Heaved the Stones’: John Milton, a Preliminary Thanatography.” Milton Studies 43 (2004):198–260.

Howell, A. C. “Milton’s Mortal Remains and Their Literary Echoes.” Forum 4, no. 2 (Autumn 1963): 17–30.

“John Milton’s Bones.” Notes and Queries, no. 228 (May 10, 1890).

“The Opening of Famous Tombs.” New York Times, June 12, 1897.

Read, Allen Walker. “The Disinterment of Milton’s Remains.” PMLA 45, no. 4 (December 1930): 1050–68.

Sitwell, Edith. English Eccentrics. New York: Vanguard Press, 1957.

MOLIÈRE

Brown, Frederick. Père Lachaise: Elysium as Real Estate. New York: Viking Press, 1973.

Crowley, Martin, ed. Dying Words: The Last Moments of Writers and Philosophers. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000.

Gaines, James F. “Le Malade Imaginaire.” In The Molière Encyclopedia, edited by James F. Gaines. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Murphy, Edwin. After the Funeral: The Posthumous Adventures of Famous Corpses. New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1995.

Palmer, John. Molière. New York: Brewer & Warren, 1930.

Scott, Virginia. Molière: A Theatrical Life. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

THOMAS MORE

Aubrey, John and Richard Barber. “Sir Thomas More.” In Brief Lives, edited by Oliver Lawson Dick. Suffolk, UK: Boydell Press, 1982.

Chambers, Robert, ed. “July 6.” In The Book of Days: A Miscellany of Popular Antiquities in Connection with the Calendar. Vol. 2, 25–26. London: W. & R. Chambers, 1832.

Guy, John. A Daughter’s Love: Thomas More and His Dearest Meg. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2009.

Hall, S. C. “Pilgrimage to the Home of Sir Thomas More.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 1, no. 3 (August 1850): 289–96.

Knight, Charles. “Canterbury.” In The Land We Live In: A Pictorial, Historical, and Literary Sketch-Book of the British Isles. London: W. S. Orr, 1853.

Marshall, Peter. “The Last Years.” In The Cambridge Companion to Thomas More, edited by George M. Logan, 116–38. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Simpson, W. Sparrow. “On the Head of Simon of Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury.” Journal of the British Archaeological Association 1 (1895): 126–47.

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART

Abert, Hermann. W. A. Mozart. Edited by Cliff Eisen. Translated by Stewart Spencer. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.

Dickey, Colin. Cranioklepty: Grave Robbing and the Search for Genius. Denver: Unbridled Books, 2009.

Karhausen, L. R. “The Mozarteum’s Skull: A Historical Saga.” Journal of Medical Biography 9, no. 2 (May 2001): 109–17.

Landon, H. C. Robbins. 1791, Mozart’s Last Year. New York: Schirmer Books, 1988.

Stadlbauer, Christina, Christian Reiter, Beatrix Patzak, Gerhard Stingeder, and Thomas Prohaska. “History of Individuals of the 18th/19th Centuries Stored in Bones, Teeth, and Hair Analyzed by LA–ICP–MS—A Step in Attempts to Confirm the Authenticity of Mozart’s Skull.” Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry 388, no. 3 (2007): 593–602.

Wakin, Daniel J. “After Mozart’s Death, An Endless Coda.” New York Times, August 25, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/25/arts /music/25death.html?adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1344812637-3i6PWFN2Ys+7gWO6BkF5ag.

MUHAMMAD

Manseau, Peter. Rag and Bone: A Journey Among the World’s Holy Dead. New York: Henry Holt, 2009.

BENITO MUSSOLINI

Associated Press. “Mussolini’s Body Stolen in Milan; ‘Democratic Fascists’ Claim Deed.” New York Times, April 24, 1946.

Bosworth, R. J. B. Mussolini. London: Arnold, 2002.

Bracker, Milton. “Slain by Partisans: The Inglorious End of a Dictator.” New York Times, April 30, 1945.

Calvino, Italo. “Il Duce’s Portraits.” New Yorker, January 6, 2003. http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2003/01/06/030106fa_fact_calvino.

Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta. Fascist Spectacle: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini’s Italy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Foot, John. “The Dead Duce.” History Today 49, no. 8 (1999). http://www.historytoday.com/john-foot/dead-duce.

Hamburger, Philip. “Letter from Rome.” New Yorker, May 19, 1945.

Hevesi, Dennis. “Domenico Leccisi, Italian Political Figure, Dies at 88.” New York Times, November 5, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/06/world/europe/06leccisi.html?ref=benitomuss.

Moseley, Ray. Mussolini: The Last 600 Days of Il Duce. Dallas: Taylor Trade, 2004.

“Mussolini’s Brain.” Science Digest 19 (August 1946): 50–51.

“On This Day: April 28, 1945: Italian Partisans Kill Mussolini.” BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/28/newsid_3564000/3564529.stm.

Povoledo, Elisabetta. “A Dead Dictator Who Draws Tens of Thousands in Italy.” New York Times, November 2, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/03/world/Europe/tourists-still-drawn-to-tomb-of-mussolini-il-duce-in-italy.html.

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE

Dale, Philip Marshall. “Napoleon Bonaparte.” In Medical Biographies: The Ailments of Thirty-three Famous Persons, 151–70. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987.

Perrottet, Tony. Napoleon’s Privates: 2,500 Years of History Unzipped. New York: HarperCollins, 2008.

Proger, L. W. “A Napoleonic Relic.” Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 26, no. 1 (January 1960): 57–62.

Rachlin, Harvey. “Napoleon’s Penis.” In Lucy’s Bones, Sacred Stones, and Einstein’s Brain: The Remarkable Stories Behind the Great Objects and Artifacts of History, from Antiquity to the Modern Era, 190–96. New York: Henry Holt, 1996.

St. Denis, Louis-Étienne. Napoleon From the Tuileries to St. Helena: Personal Recollections of the Emperor’s Second Mameluke and Valet. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1922.

Weider, Ben and Sten Forshufvud. Assassination at St. Helena Revisited. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995.

LORD NELSON

King, Melanie. The Dying Game: A Curious History of Death. Oxford, UK: Oneworld, 2008.

Quinion, Michael. “Tapping the Admiral.” World Wide Words. http://www.worldwidewords.org/qa/qa-tap1.htm.

AGOSTINHO NETO

Zbarksy, Ilya and Samuel Hutchinson. Lenin’s Embalmers. Translated by Barbara Bray. London: Harvill Press, 1999.

LEE HARVEY OSWALD

Bugliosi, Vincent. Reclaiming History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.

Eddowes, Michael. The Oswald File. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1977.

Norton, Linda E., I. M. Sopher, and V. J. M. DiMaio. “The Exhumation and Identification of Lee Harvey Oswald.” Journal of Forensic Sciences 29, no. 1 (January 1984): 19–38.

“Officials Seek to Examine Body in Oswald’s Grave.” New York Times, October 19, 1979.

THOMAS PAINE

Associated Press. “Thomas Paine’s Remains Are Still a Bone of Contention.” Los Angeles Times, April 1, 2001.

Bressler, Leo A. “Peter Porcupine and the Bones of Thomas Paine.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 82, no. 2 (April 1958): 176–85.

Chen, David W. “Rehabilitating Thomas Paine, Bit by Bony Bit.” New York Times, March 30, 2001. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/30/nyregion/rehabilitating-thomas-paine-bit-by-bony-bit.html.

Collins, Paul. The Trouble with Tom: The Strange Afterlife and Times of Thomas Paine. New York: Bloomsbury, 2009.

Conway, Moncure. “The Adventures of Thomas Paine’s Bones.” Journal of the Thomas Paine National Historical Association, March 2002.

Nelson, Craig. Thomas Paine: Enlightenment, Revolution, and the Birth of Modern Nations. New York: Viking, 2006.

“The Paine Monument at Last Finds a Home.” New York Times, October 15, 1905.

van der Weyde, William M. “Paine’s Long Lost Remains Home by Parcel Post.” New York Times, May 31, 1914.

DOROTHY PARKER

Acocella, Joan Ross. Twenty-eight Artists and Two Saints: Essays. New York: Pantheon Books, 2007.

Adams, Franklin Pierce, Robert Benchley, Heywood Broun, Edna Ferber, Ruth Hale, Dorothy Parker, and Donald Ogden Stewart. Bon Bons, Bourbon, and Bon Mots: Stories from the Algonquin Round Table. El Paso, TX: Traveling Press, 2011.

“Dorothy Parker Memorial Garden, NAACP Headquarters, Baltimore.” Dot City. http://www.dorothyparker.com/dot33.htm.

Fitzpatrick, Kevin C. A Journey into Dorothy Parker’s New York. Berkeley, CA: Roaring Forties Press, 2005.

Meade, Marion. Dorothy Parker: What Fresh Hell Is This? New York: Villard Books, 1988.

———. “Estate of Mind: Dorothy Parker Willed Her Copyright to the NAACP—An Organization Her Executor, Lillian Hellman, Detested.” Bookforum, April/May 2006. http://www.bookforum.com/archive/apr_06/meade.html.

GRAM PARSONS

Fong-Torres, Ben. Hickory Wind: The Life and Times of Gram Parsons. New York: Pocket Books, 1991.

“Gram Parsons Dies; Rock Star Was 27.” New York Times, September 21, 1973.

Hennig, Gandulf and Sid Griffin. Fallen Angel: Gram Parsons. DVD. Directed by Gandulf Hennig. Burbank, CA: Rhino Entertainment, 2004.

Kaufman, Phil and Colin White. Road Mangler Deluxe. Glendale, CA: White Boucke, 1993.

Meyer, David N. Twenty Thousand Roads: The Ballad of Gram Parsons and His Cosmic American Music. New York: Villard, 2007.

Wasserzieher, Bill. “Gram Parsons Dies in Desert.” Village Voice, September 27, 1973.

EVA PERÓN

Fraser, Nicholas and Marysa Navarro. Eva Perón. New York: W. W. Norton, 1981.

Martínez, Tomás Eloy. Santa Evita. Translated by Helen Lane. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996.

Ortiz, Alicia Dujovne. Eva Perón: A Biography. Translated by Shawn Fields. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.

Perón, Eva. Evita: In My Own Words. Translated by Laura Dail. New York: New Press, 2005.

JUAN PERÓN

Christian, Shirley. “Perón Hands: Police Find Trail Elusive.” New York Times, September 6, 1987. http://www.nytimes.com/1987/09/06/world/peron-hands-police-find-trail-elusive.html.

Johnson, Lyman L., ed. Death, Dismemberment, and Memory: Body Politics in Latin America. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2004.

EDGAR ALLAN POE

Brumfield, Sarah. “Poe Fans Call an End to ‘Toaster’ Tradition.” Associated Press, January 19, 2012.

Miller, John C. “The Exhumations and Reburials of Edgar and Virginia Poe and Mrs. Clemm.” Poe Studies 7, no. 2 (December 1974): 46–47. http://www.eapoe.org/pstudies/ps1970/p1974204.htm.

“Poe’s Memorial Grave.” The Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore, March 6, 2012. http://www.eapoe.org/balt/poegrave.htm.

Smith, Gary. “Once Upon a Midnight Dreary.” Life 13, no. 9 (July 1990).

Tucker, Abigail. “Who Knows Who Started Poe Toast?” Baltimore Sun, August 15, 2007. http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2007–08–15/features/0708150222_1_porpora.

Walsh, John Evangelist. Midnight Dreary: The Mysterious Death of Edgar Allan Poe. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

Wan, William. “Never More Doubt.” Washington Post, August 18, 2007. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content /article/2007/08/17/AR2007081702145.html.

ELVIS PRESLEY

Associated Press. “4 Accused of a Plot to Take Presley Body.” New York Times, August 30, 1977.

———. “Four Arrested in Plot to Steal Elvis’ Body.” Sonora (CA) Daily Union Democrat, August 29, 1977.

———. “Police Seize Three Men Fleeing Elvis’ Tomb.” Miami News, August 30, 1977.

Brown, Peter Harry and Pat H. Broeske. Down at the End of Lonely Street: The Life and Death of Elvis Presley. New York: Dutton, 1997.

Brown, Scott. “Elvis Presley: It’s a Hound Dig.” Entertainment Weekly, October 6, 2000. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,277847,00.html.

Comfort, David. The Rock & Roll Book of the Dead: The Fatal Journeys of Rock’s Seven Immortals. New York: Citadel Press, 2009.

Denenberg, Barry. All Shook Up!: The Life and Death of Elvis Presley. New York: Scholastic Press, 2001.

Doss, Erika. Elvis Culture: Fans, Faith & Image. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1999.

Eicher, Peter. The Elvis Sightings. New York: Avon Books, 1993.

Gregory, Neal and Janice Gregory. When Elvis Died. Washington, DC: Communications Press, 1980.

Hayslett, Chandra M. “Elvis’s empty crypt an $800,000 steal?” Memphis (TN) Commercial Appeal, August 9, 1997. http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/1997/aug/09/elviss-empty-crypt-an-800000-steal/.

Lacy, Patrick. Elvis Decoded: A Fan’s Guide to Deciphering the Myths and Misinformation. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2006.

Marcus, Greil. Dead Elvis: A Chronicle of a Cultural Obsession. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1991.

“Notes on People.” New York Times, September 30, 1977.

Ponce de Leon, Charles L. Fortunate Son: The Life of Elvis Presley. New York: Hill & Wang, 2006.

Rawls, Wendell Jr. “Presley Associates Say Torment and Drugs Marked Final Months.” New York Times, September 23, 1979.

Reed, J. D. and Maddy Miller. Stairway to Heaven: The Final Resting Places of Rock’s Legends. New York: Wenner Books, 2005.

Rosenbaum, Ron. “Among the Believers.” New York Times Magazine, September 24, 1995.

Smith, I. C. Inside: A Top G-Man Exposes Spies, Lies, and Bureaucratic Bungling in the FBI. Nashville, TN: Nelson Current, 2004.

Sperry, Paul. “FBI Witness: Presley Clan Staged Elvis Grave-robbing.” WorldNet Daily, August 13, 2002. http://rc-dfw-wnd-app1 .ha-hosting.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.printable&pageId=14898.

Strausbaugh, John. E: Reflections on the Birth of the Elvis Faith. New York: Blast Books, 1995.

United Press International. “Police Doubt Informant’s Tip: Presley Body Case Charges Dropped.” Los Angeles Times, October 5, 1977.

———. “Presley Body Snatch Plot a Hoax?” Ellensburg (WA) Daily Record, August 31, 1977.

SIR WALTER RALEIGH

Adamson, J. H. and H. F. Holland. The Shepherd of the Ocean: An Account of Sir Walter Ralegh and His Times. Boston: Gambit, 1969.

Trevelyan, Raleigh. Sir Walter Raleigh: Being a True and Vivid Account of the Life and Times of the Explorer, Soldier, Scholar, Poet, and Courtier—The Controversial Hero of the Elizabethan Age. New York: Henry Holt, 2004.

GRIGORI RASPUTIN

Cook, Andrew. To Kill Rasputin: The Life and Death of Grigori Rasputin. Stroud, UK: Tempus, 2005.

“Erotic Museum ‘Remembers’ Rasputin.” St. Petersburg Times (Russia), August 6, 2004. http://www.sptimes.ru/index.php?action_id=2&story_id=1234.

King, Greg. The Man Who Killed Rasputin: Prince Youssoupov and the Murder That Helped Bring Down the Russian Empire. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publishing Group, 1995.

Page, Jeremy. “Museum Claims Rasputin Has Returned to St. Petersburg as an Old Member.” Times (UK), May 7, 2004.

Radzinsky, Edvard. The Rasputin File. Translated by Judson Rosengrant. New York: Nan A. Talese, 2000.

Rasputin, Maria and Patte Barham. Rasputin: The Man Behind the Myth: A Personal Memoir. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1977.

RICHARD III

Baldwin, David. “King Richard’s Grave in Leicester.” Transactions of Leicester Archaeological and Historical Society, Vol. 60 (1986): 21-24.http://www.le.ac.uk/lahs/downloads/BaldwinSmPagesfromvolumeLX-5.pdf

Buckley, Richard, et al. “’The king in the car park:’ New light on the death and burial of Richard III in the Grey Friars church, Leicester, in 1485.” Antiquity 87, no. 336 (2013): 519-538. http://antiquity.ac.uk/ant/087/ant0870519.htm

University of Leicester. “The Discovery of Richard III.” (Multiple pages within.) http://www.le.ac.uk/richardiii

MARQUIS DE SADE

Gray, Francine du Plessix. At Home with the Marquis de Sade: A Life. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Schaeffer, Neil. The Marquis de Sade: A Life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999.

Thomas, Donald. The Marquis de Sade. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1976.

SAINT ANTHONY OF PADUA

Manseau, Peter. Rag and Bone: A Journey Among the World’s Holy Dead. New York: Henry Holt, 2009.

Rufus, Anneli. Magnificent Corpses: Searching Through Europe for St. Peter’s Head, St. Chiara’s Heart, St. Stephen’s Hand, and Other Saints’ Relics. New York: Marlowe, 1999.

SAINT NICHOLAS

“Anatomical Examination of the Bari Relics.” St. Nicholas Center. http://www.stnicholascenter.org/pages/anatomical-examination.

Bennett, William J. The True Saint Nicholas: Why He Matters to Christmas. New York: Howard Books, 2009.

Craughwell, Thomas J. Saints Preserved: An Encyclopedia of Relics. New York: Image Books, 2011.

Davidson, Linda Kay and David M. Gitlitz. “Bari (Apulia, Italy).” In Pilgrimage: From the Ganges to Graceland: An Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002.

“Devotion and Use of the Manna of Saint Nicholas.” St. Nicholas Center. http://www.stnicholascenter.org/pages/manna.

Farmer, David Hugh. The Oxford Dictionary of Saints. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Geary, Patrick J. Furta Sacra: Thefts of Relics in the Central Middle Ages. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Head, Jonathan. “Turkey Seeks Return of Santa Claus’ Bones.” BBC News, December 28, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8432314.stm.

“Is St. Nicholas in Venice, Too?” St. Nicholas Center. http://www.stnicholascenter.org/pages/relics-in-the-lido-of-venice.

Jones, Charles W. Saint Nicholas of Myra, Bari, and Manhattan: Biography of a Legend. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

McBrien, Richard P. Lives of the Saints: From Mary and St. Francis of Assisi to John XXIII and Mother Teresa. San Francisco: HarperSan-Francisco, 2001.

Papirowski, Martin. In Search of Santa Claus. Smithsonian Channel, 2009. http://www.smithsonianchannel.com/site/sn/show.do?show=131259.

“Push to Bring Santa’s Bones Home.” ABC News (Australia), December 29, 2009. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2009–12–29 /push-to-bring-santas-bones-home/1191714.

Quigley, Christine. Skulls and Skeletons: Human Bone Collections and Accumulations. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2001.

“Relics of St. Nicholas—Where Are They?” St. Nicholas Center. http://www.stnicholascenter.org/pages/relics.

“Santa Claus’s Bones Must Be Brought Back to Turkey from Italy.” Today’s Zaman (Turkey), December 28, 2009. http://www.todayszaman.com/news-196814–100-santa-clauss-bones-must-be-brought-back-to-turkey-from-italy.html.

Seal, Jeremy. Nicholas: The Epic Journey from Saint to Santa Claus. New York: Bloomsbury, 2005.

Sora, Steven. Treasures from Heaven: Relics from Noah’s Ark to the Shroud of Turin. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY

Bieri, James. Percy Bysshe Shelley: A Biography. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.

Crofton, Ian. The Totally Useless History of the World. London: Quercus, 2007.

Holmes, Richard. “Death and Destiny.” Guardian (UK), January 23, 2004. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2004/jan/24/featuresreviews.guardianreview1.

Lee, Hermione. “Shelley’s Heart and Pepys’s Lobsters.” In Virginia Woolf ’s Nose: Essays on Biography. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005.

Norman, Arthur M. Z. “Shelley’s Heart.” Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences X, no. 1 (1955): 114–16. doi:10.1093/jhmas/X.1.114-a

SHI HUANGDI

Sima, Qian. The First Emperor: Selections from the Historical Records. Translated by Raymond Dawson. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2007.

JOSEPH STALIN

Carvalho, Joaquim, ed. Religion and Power in Europe: Conflict and Convergence. Pisa, Italy: Edizione Plus, Pisa University Press, 2007.

Kammen, Michael G. Digging Up the Dead: A History of Notable American Reburials. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Tumarkin, Nina. Lenin Lives! The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

LAURENCE STERNE

Howard, Philip. “Is This the Skull of Sterne?” Times (UK), June 5, 1969.

Hughes, J. Trevor. “ ‘Alas, Poor Yorick!’: The Death of Laurence Sterne.” In Essays in Medical Biography, 135–47. Oxford, UK: Rimes House, 2008.

Hughes, J. T. “The Good Is Oft Interred with Their Bones.” Brain 130, no. 4 (2007): 1167–71. doi:10.1093/brain/awm015.

King, Melanie. The Dying Game: A Curious History of Death. Oxford, UK: Oneworld, 2008.

Monkman, Kenneth and W. G. Day. “The Skull.” Shandean 10 (1998): 45–79.

Richardson, Ruth. Death, Dissection, and the Destitute. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987.

ALEXANDER T. STEWART

Fanebust, Wayne. The Missing Corpse: Grave Robbing a Gilded Age Tycoon. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005.

SUNDANCE KID

Meadows, Anne. Digging Up Butch and Sundance. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003.

Slatta, Richard W. The Mythical West: An Encyclopedia of Legend, Lore, and Popular Culture. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2001.

Walker, Dale L. Legends and Lies: Great Mysteries of the American West. New York: Forge, 1997.

EMANUEL SWEDENBORG

Benz, Ernst. Emanuel Swedenborg: Visionary Savant in the Age of Reason. West Chester, PA: Swedenborg Foundation, 2002.

Dickey, Colin. Cranioklepty: Grave Robbing and the Search for Genius. Denver: Unbridled Books, 2009.

“Emanuel Swedenborg.” British Medical Journal 1, no. 2788 (Jun. 6, 1914): 1261–62.

“Emanuel Swedenborg.” Times (UK), March 31, 1823.

Henschen, Folke. Emanuel Swedenborg’s Cranium: A Critical Analysis. Uppsala, Sweden: Almqvist & Wiksells, 1960.

———. The Human Skull: A Cultural History. Translated by Stanley Thomas. New York: Praeger, 1966.

Hultkrantz, Johan Vilhelm. The Mortal Remains of Emanuel Swedenborg; An Account of the Historical and Anatomical Investigations Executed by a Committee, Appointed on May 27th, 1908. Uppsala, Sweden: University Press, 1910.

Lenhammar, Harry and Jane Williams-Hogan. “Swedenborg in Uppsala’s Cathedral.” The New Philosophy Online, January–July 2003. http://swedenborg-philosophy.org/journal/article.php?page=1007&issue=106a.

Rutherford, W. “A Swedenborg Mystery: The Rival Skulls.” Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 48 (1913): 86–88.

Thompson, Ian J. “Swedenborg and Modern Science.” Theistic Science. http://www.theisticscience.org/papers/smn3b.html.

Trobridge, George. Swedenborg: Life and Teaching. New York: Swedenborg Foundation, 1962.

HUNTER S. THOMPSON

Brinkley, Douglas. “Football Season Is Over.” Rolling Stone, September 21, 2005.

“Cannon Fire Send-off for Thompson.” BBC News, April 6, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4417897.stm.

“Citizen Thompson.” Smoking Gun, March 7, 2005. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/documents/crime/citizen-thompson.

Fear and Loathing on the Road to Hollywood. Directed by Nigel Finch. Omnibus, BBC, 1978.

“Hunter Thompson Blown Sky High.” Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/news/hot-product-1001018730.story#/news/hot-product-1001018730.story.

Seelye, Katharine Q. “Ashes-to-Fireworks Send-off for an ‘Outlaw’ Writer.” New York Times, August 22, 2005. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/22/national/22hunter.html?scp=60&sq=Hunter+S.+Thompson&st=nyt&gwh=ED4F1E2C0BC97A1EB50AF3544925240A.

“Thompson ‘Shot Himself on Phone.’ ” BBC News, February 25, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/entertainment/4298095.stm.

“Thompson’s Ashes Fired into Sky.” BBC News, August 21, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4168266.stm.

Thompson, Hunter S. “Fear and Loathing at the Watergate: Mr. Nixon Has Cashed His Check.” Rolling Stone, September 27, 1973.

JIM THORPE

Associated Press. “Lawsuit to Reclaim Oklahoma Athlete Jim Thorpe’s Body Proceeds.” November 26, 2011.

Black, Joan. “Jim Thorpe Remembered as One-of-a-Kind Athlete.” Wind Speaker (Alberta, Canada), March 1, 2000.

“A Brief History of Mauch Chunk.” Mauch Chunk Historical Society. http://mauchchunkhistory.com/historical.html.

Bruchac, Joseph. Jim Thorpe: Original All-American. New York: Dial Books, 2006.

Buford, Kate. Native American Son: The Life and Sporting Legend of Jim Thorpe. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2010.

Carpenter, Mackenzie. “Jim Thorpe’s Son Sues for Father’s Body.” Pittsburgh (PA) Post-Gazette, June 26, 2010. http://old.post-gazette.com/pg/10177/1068434–139.stm#ixzz1qdzMZvq0.

Newman, Bruce, ed. “Scorecard.” Sports Illustrated, November 20, 1978. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1094312/index.htm.

Norris, Michele. “Son Sues Pennsylvania Town for Jim Thorpe’s Remains.” All Things Considered, NPR, June 25, 2010. http://www.npr.org/2010/06/25/128112746/son-sues-pa-town-for-jim-thorpes-remains.

Wang, Hansi Lo. “A Fight for Jim Thorpe’s Body.” Morning Edition, NPR, August 3, 2011. http://www.npr.org/2011/08/03/138524619/a-fight-for-jim-thorpes-body.

TUTANKHAMEN

Marchant, Jo. “On the Trail of Tutankhamen’s Penis.” CultureLab, June 25, 2010. http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/culturelab/2010/06/on-the-trail-of-tutankhamens-penis.html.

Townsend, Allie. “Is King Tut’s Penis Missing?” Time NewsFeed, June 29, 2010. http://newsfeed.time.com/2010/06/29/is-king-tuts-penis-missing/#ixzz1k20VBIiB.

VALERIAN

Crofton, Ian. The Totally Useless History of the World. London: Quercus, 2007.

Gibbon, Edward. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Volume 1. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1871.

VOLTAIRE

Davidson, Ian. Voltaire in Exile: The Last Years. New York: Grove Press, 2004.

Kammen, Michael G. Digging Up the Dead: A History of Notable American Reburials. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Mason, Haydn. Voltaire: A Biography. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Pearson, Roger. Voltaire Almighty: A Life in Pursuit of Freedom. New York: Bloomsbury, 2005.

“The Remains of Voltaire.” New York Times, July 18, 1881.

“Voltaire and Rousseau; Their Tombs in the Pantheon Opened and Their Bones Exposed.” New York Times, January 8, 1898.

GEORGE WASHINGTON

Craughwell, Thomas J. Stealing Lincoln’s Body. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Power, John Carroll. History of an Attempt to Steal the Body of Abraham Lincoln. Springfield, IL: H. W. Rokker, 1890.

Washington, George. “The Will of George Washington.” The Papers of George Washington. http://gwpapers.virginia.edu/documents/will/text.html.

WALT WHITMAN

Burrell, Brian. Postcards from the Brain Museum: The Improbable Search for Meaning in the Matter of Famous Minds. New York: Broadway Books, 2004.

———. “The Strange Fate of Whitman’s Brain.” Walt Whitman Quarterly Review 20, no. 3 (Winter 2003): 107–33.

TED WILLIAMS

Cantor, Norman L. After We Die: The Life and Times of the Human Cadaver. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2010.

Johnson, Carrie. “Williams’ Shift from Will Must Be Proved.” St. Petersburg (FL) Times, July 20, 2002. http://www.sptimes.com/2002/07/20/news_pf/Citrus/Williams__shift_from_.shtml.

Johnson, Larry and Scott Baldyga. Frozen: My Journey into the World of Cryonics, Deception, and Death. New York: Vanguard Press, 2009.

“Response to Larry Johnson Allegations.” Alcor Life Extension Foundation, February 10, 2012. http://www.alcor.org/press/response.html.

Sandomir, Richard. “Please Don’t Call the Customers Dead.” New York Times, February 13, 2005.

———. “Report Says Facility Beheaded Williams.” New York Times, August 13, 2003.

———. “Williams Children Agree to Keep Their Father Frozen.” New York Times, December 21, 2002.

Verducci, Tom. “Tip of the Iceberg? Questions and Allegations About the Alcor Life Extension Foundation Extend Beyond the Williams Case.” Sports Illustrated, August 18, 2003.

———. “What Really Happened to Ted Williams.” Sports Illustrated, August 18, 2003.

APPENDIX: THE WAY OF ALL FLESH: WHAT HAPPENS TO BODIES AFTER DEATH

Cantor, Norman L. After We Die: The Life and Times of the Human Cadaver. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2010.

Iserson, Kenneth V. Death to Dust: What Happens to Dead Bodies? Tucson, AZ: Galen Press, 1994.

“Statistics.” National Funeral Directors Association. http://www.nfda.org/index.php/media-center/statisticsreports.html.

Armed Forces Day: Reflective reads from Duckworth

Armed Forces Day: Reflective reads from Duckworth

23/06/2021

On 26th June we celebrate Armed Forces Day. A special time for commemorating the wonderful servicemen, women, and their families past, present, and future. 

For those feeling reflective, we’ve rounded up a few of Duckworth’s non-fiction titles that reveal compelling tales of tribulation, transformation, and triumph within service and combat throughout the 20th century. 

 

 

The Last Full Measure: How Soldiers Die in Battle
Michael Stephenson

‘A great achievement of research, perception, and fine writing. Few other books have managed to convey the true experience of war with such power and clarity.’ Antony Beevor

Behind every soldier’s death lies a story, a tale not just of the cold mathematics of the battlefield but of an individual human being who gave his life. What psychological and cultural pressures brought him to his fate? What lies and truths convinced him to march towards his death? Covering warfare from prehistory through the present day, The Last Full Measure tells these soldiers stories, ultimately capturing the experience of war as few books ever have.

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The Dardanelles Disaster
Dan van der Vat

‘Dan van der Vat has built a powerful reputation as a naval historian. The Dardanelles Disaster is a thundering assessment of a long-forgotten campaign that was a minefield of diplomacy and a failure of deep consequence that paved the way for the Russian revolution.’ Oxford Times

The British Navy’s failed attempt to capture Constantinople and secure a sea route to Russia in 1915 marked a turning point of World War I. Acclaimed naval military historian Dan van der Vat argues that the disaster at the Dardanelles not only prolonged the war for two years and brought Britain to the brink of starvation, but also led to the Russian Revolution and contributed to the rapid destabilisation of the Middle East. With a narrative rich in human drama, ‘The Dardanelles Disaster’ highlights the diplomatic clashes from Whitehall to the Hellespont, Berlin to Constantinople, and St Petersburg to the Bosporus. Van der Vat analyzes then-First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill’s response to the obstacles he faced and describes the fateful actions of the Turkish, German, and British governments throughout the Gallipoli Campaign. With detailed analysis of the battle’s events and never-before-published information on the German navy’s mine-laying operations, ‘The Dardanelles Disaster’ tells a forgotten story from a fresh viewpoint, shedding light on one of World War I’s most pivotal moments – and in particular on one avoidable and monumental blunder.

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Queen of Spies: Daphne Park, Britain’s Cold War Spy Master
Paddy Hayes

‘Dame Daphne’s story leaves us wondering about reality as seen through the eyes of a spy; and about how far spy work affected that reality.’ The Spectator

The only biography of Britain’s celebrated female spy – now fully updated with previously classified materials. From being raised in a Tanzanian shack, to attaining MI6’s most senior operational rank, Daphne Park led a highly unusual life. Drawing on first-hand accounts of intelligence workers close to agent Park, Hayes reveals how she rose in a male-dominated world to become Britain’s Cold War spy master. With intimate, nail-biting details Queen of Spies captures both the paranoia and on-the-ground realities of intelligence work from the Second World War to the Cold War, and the life of Britain’s celebrated female spy.

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Siegfried Sassoon: Soldier, Poet, Lover, Friend
Jean Moorcroft Wilson

A tour de force..one of the finest critical biographies of our time and an  important addition to understanding the impact of the Great War.’ Gladys Mary Coles, Friends of the Dymock Poets Newlsetter

Hailed as “invaluable” by the Times and “thorough and perceptive” by the Observer, Siegfried Sassoon encompasses the poet’s complete life and works, from his patriotic youth that led him to the frontline, and flamboyant love affairs. This single-volume opus also includes never-before-published poems that have only just come to light through the author’s work. With over a decade’s research and unparalleled access to Sassoon’s private correspondence, Wilson presents the complete portrait, both elegant and heartfelt, of an extraordinary man, and an extraordinary poet.

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An incorrect account of the Abney family

An incorrect account of the Abney family

21/06/2021

‘Beyond them speckled white cattle dipped their heads into the grass. A wood pigeon cooed drowsily. It was all looking so perfect, yet what a lot of work it all was to maintain.’

Beacon-like in its guidance, the role of Measham Hall does as much as any living individual to set Alethea on a path of transformation. Assured and impressive in status, it wields a power that our protagonist must master if she is to live by her newfound values of liberty.

Author Anna Abney is among the last descendants of the Abney family line, residents of the real Measham Hall, a lost house of Derbyshire from 1730. ‘The Measham Hall’ series is a fictionalised account of her ancestors’ lives, the richness of which she writes of here.

I heard about our ancestral home, Measham Hall, from my grandmother and great uncle. Unfortunately, it was blown up by the coal board in 1959 because the mine activity underground had made it unsafe, so I never got to stay there. It had been sold to the Measham Colliery in the 1920s and was turned into flats after the Second World War. Still, I have a rather charming watercolour of it, painted by Sir William de Wiveleslie Abney (1843-1920), a former director of the Science Museum and President of the Royal Photographic Society. W de W Abney invented the Abney level. He and his brother Charles were also founder members of the Derby Photographic Society.

The Abneys of Measham were originally Norman interlopers; Barons of Aubigny, from the Port of Carteret, who came to England with William the Conqueror in 1066 (one of them was William I’s cousin and cupbearer), settling (or taking land) in Derbyshire. A sir Niel, Baron d’Aubigny married Lady Helena, daughter of Richard II. In the thirteenth century Nicholas D’Albini (spelling was flexible back then) married Cecelia, daughter of William de Meysham.

According to an American Abney descendant, the Abney family can boast of no less than 106 kings, 50 queens, 42 dukes and 10 monks among our forebears. I’m not sure how all this royalty can be accounted for (or why there might be twice as many kings as queens), but there are certainly a few interesting characters and one (quite famous) royal I can account for.

Two Abney brothers, Paul and Dannet, emigrated to Virginia at the end of the seventeenth century. In 1679 Lieutenant Paul Abney was taken prisoner, with his sloop and passengers, by a Spanish man-of-war. Abney produced a pass, which the Vice-Admiral contemptuously wiped his breeches with, before commandeering the vessel.  Paul lived to tell the tale and this branch of the Abneys was granted land in Virginia and later, Carolina. This raises disturbing questions about whether they were slave owners; an area I intend to address in a later sequel to The Master of Measham Hall.

The William Abney who built Measham Hall was born in 1713. He died in 1800 and his obituary in The Gentleman’s Magazine partly inspired the idea of ‘the master’ in The Master of Measham Hall. Apparently, he was ‘the last of that old-fashioned race of English proprietors who now only survive amongst the writers of romance.’ He spent all his time in his country estate, always putting the needs of his poorer neighbours before his own. His coachman had worked for the family for over fifty years and his servants treated him more like a brother than a master. ‘His domestics had grown grey in his service and it was curious to see him waited upon by four or five tottering servants of nearly his own age’. Although, unlike the Hawthornes in Book Two of The Master of Measham Hall, he was an ardent supporter of William of Orange and later, the House of Hanover. He wrote a family history entitled ‘An incorrect account of the Abney family’, a title I have borrowed here, since, as you might have noticed from the dates, my ‘Measham Hall’ was built a century earlier.

Like the Hawthorne family, it was said that in ‘the confusion of the Civil wars … the family suffered considerably’. James Abney, (b. 1599) participated in the Royalist defence of Ashby Castle in 1645, where he was taken prisoner by Oliver Cromwell, although later released. Unlike Alethea’s father, James Abney kept his estates throughout the Commonwealth and was appointed Sheriff for Derby in 1656. It probably helped that the Abneys were distantly related through marriage to the Cromwell family.

Sir Thomas Abney (1640- 1722) became Lord Mayor of London in 1700, despite being a Dissenter – a person who refused to join the Established Church of England, which caused some controversy. Daniel Defoe, a fellow Dissenter, denounced Abney for taking communion in an Anglican church in order to become mayor. Alethea in The Master of Measham Hall is equally pragmatic when it comes to occasional conformity – taking Anglican communion to avoid being fined or imprisoned. Thomas was also one of the founding Directors of the Bank of England and a governor of St. Thomas Hospital.

His second wife, Mary Abney (thirty-six years younger than Thomas!) inherited her brother’s estate in Stoke Newington, moving in there after her husband died. She carried out much of the landscaping of what is now Abney Park Cemetery.

Dr. Isaac Watts, known as the father of English hymnody and famous for hymns such as, ‘Our God, Our Help in Ages Past’, ‘came to stay with the Abneys for a week and remained a guest of Mary and her daughters for the rest of his life – another 36 years. Hopefully he didn’t outstay his welcome.

The Abneys’ last surviving child, Elizabeth, apparently something of a Miss Havisham, died unmarried, directing that the estate should be sold off and the proceeds left to various nonconformist charities. Fittingly, in 1839 several Protestant businessmen set up the Abney Park Cemetery Company and in 1840 the Abney manor became one of the only cemeteries in England open to all dissenters regardless of denomination.

Most of my family history has been passed onto me by my great uncle, another William Abney. Bill was an RAF pilot in the Second World War, flying over 30 different kinds of aircraft. His dare-devil activities earned him the nickname, ‘Ace Abney’ and he often ‘flew blind’ over cover of night. Bill was also an actor, working in stage, film and television. He was the last male in the Abney line.

I promised you more royalty, well, my great-grandmother, Janet Abney, neé Littlejohn of Aberdeen, was first cousin to Ruth, Lady Fermoy, grandmother of Princess Diana. Fans of The Crown might recall a rather unsympathetic Lady Fermoy in the last series. Because of this family connection, in 2012 my father was approached by Dr Jim Wilson, a geneticist from Edinburgh university. It turned out Dad’s mtDNA contains a genetic marker indigenous to India. It is rare even there, only being found in about 1% of Indians, but it proved he and Diana had a shared Indian motherline passed down from a great, great grandmother. A result which led to the Daily Mail headline, ‘DNA tests reveal Wills is actually part-Indian!’ Or what The Times called a ‘Doomed Indian love story’. But that’s the subject for another book.

 

 

Cope joins Duckworth as Publisher

Cope joins Duckworth as Publisher

17/06/2021

Duckworth Books are pleased to announce that Rowan Cope will be joining our team on 9 August 2021 in the role of Publisher. She will report to Managing Director Pete Duncan.

Cope began her career at David Godwin Associates, followed by commissioning roles at Little, Brown, where she published bestsellers such as Tracey Thorn’s Bedsit Disco Queen and Netflix hit Orange is the New Black, and then Simon & Schuster, where she founded the Scribner UK list and rose to Associate Publisher. Scribner UK garnered Sunday Times bestsellers and Booker Prize nominations, including for Ian McGuire’s The North Water. Most recently, she has been Editorial Director at Faber & Faber, Penguin Press and Granta Books, working with authors such as Francesca Wade, Sara Pascoe, David Mitchell, Jared Diamond, Sir David Spiegelhalter, Suzanne Simard, Mariana Enríquez, Mark O’Connell and Sandra Newman.

Rowan Cope said: “Duckworth has a long and august pedigree, having published some of the finest writers in English in its history, and I’m thrilled to join at a pivotal moment for the company, to help shape its twenty-first-century revitalization. Duckworth today is smart, agile and blessed with a dedicated and energetic team who can offer a personalised approach. We have many brilliant and highly acclaimed authors on the list, and I can’t wait to work with them and to bring more of the best and brightest writers of non-fiction and historical fiction to join us.”

Pete Duncan said: “The whole team couldn’t be more excited to have Rowan join us and take the lead of Duckworth’s publishing at this moment of transformation. I have been a huge admirer of Rowan’s publishing since her Little, Brown days, and her experience, creativity and commercial acumen are second to none. For Duckworth, this is a fresh marker on its journey of reinvention as one of the great independent publishing houses.”

David Bowie Made me Gay – In conversation with Darryl Bullock

David Bowie Made me Gay – In conversation with Darryl Bullock

14/06/2021

In his 2017 title, David Bowie Made me Gay Darryl Bullock brought to light the colourful legacy that has shaped our musical and cultural landscape, revealing the inspiring and often heartbreaking stories of internationally renowned LGBT artists from Billie Holiday and Dusty Springfield to Frankie Goes to Hollywood and George Michael. To celebrate Pride, we caught up with the author himself.

Darryl Bullock at the Dublin Bowie Festival, January 2020, by Billy Cahill

Where did you first encounter the likes of David Bowie and Freddie Mercury and at what point in your life did you begin to appreciate their influence on both LGBT+ and wider culture?

DB: I knew that I was gay from a very early age, and being obsessed with music I had been listening to David Bowie for as long as I can remember; he released his first single in the year that I was born. Watching Top of the Pops or in the early 1970s would have brought me in touch with glam artists, with Freddie Mercury and Queen (along with millions of others I bought ‘Bohemian Rhapsody’ in 1975 when I was just 11 years old), and by the time I was 16 I was working in a record shop and soaking up every influence imaginable.

Is there a particular show-stopping performance that encouraged you to question your own sexuality? 

DB: Not really, but there was a defining moment when I realised that there was more to LGBT+ music, and therefore more to interest me, than show tunes and disco, and that was seeing Tom Robinson perform ‘Glad To Be Gay’, in a televised performance from The Secret Policeman’s Ball. Realising that you could be gay and angry and that you could stand up and shout about it was a revelation, and that one performance probably did more to shape my political awareness than any other. It definitely encouraged me to be more out and open about my own sexuality.

‘David Bowie Made Me Gay’ deals with a fixation on asserting binary labels to many musicians, Bowie for example. In what ways and outlets have these artists in history and in modern-day challenged this? 

DB: Labels are important, in that they help an artist find an audience and help that audience to discover artists, but they can be restrictive. Audiences are pretty savvy and in this day and age, with the internet and social media, it is much easier for people to find their tribe and to discover their icons. The only thing that really holds them back is that mainstream media is still scared of change and many media outlets are still homo-, bi- and transphobic. Thanks to people like Sam Smith and Elliot Page that is slowly changing, but there is still so much to do. Bowie’s sexuality was fluid – he was straight, then gay, then bisexual and then straight again – but it was his ‘otherness’ that was most important, not the label he chose to use or people chose to hang on him. It was the act of being different that empowered the next generation of LGBT+ artists.

To what extent do you think that early stereotypes of gay men, in particular, have pigeonholed LGBT+ artists and musicians into genres? Is this something you think is as prevalent today as it was in say the 70s or 80s? 

DB: I think in the pre-Bronski years we all thought that ‘gay’ music meant flouncy queens or disco, or perhaps both. Certainly up until the mid-80s, the only LGBT+ artists people saw in the mainstream were disco stars like The Village People or Sylvester. Glam rock was ‘queer’, encouraged playing with gender stereotypes, clothing and make-up, but very few people thought of acts like The Sweet or Mud as gay… they were more like the characters we saw on TV who were never out, they were constantly excused as effete mummy’s boys. Today artists are free to cross boundaries and genres: look at someone like John Grant, whose music stretches from piano ballads to hard EDM and everything in between.

When conducting your research were there any stories or truths that you found particularly shocking or interesting?

DB: There were certain things I couldn’t use for fear of being sued, but for me, the most interesting aspect was discovering the massive wealth of LGBT+ music in the years before the Stonewall riots. Out-LGBT+ artists have been making records for over 100 years now, yet we are constantly told that there was no LGBT+ life before Stonewall. The out jazz and blues artists of the 20s and 30s, especially queer Black women pioneers like Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, Lucille Bogan and Alberta Hunter, left behind an incredible legacy.

Thanks to social media it is perhaps more discernible to evidence how LGBT+ artists are influencing various aspects of modern culture, however, your title more comprehensively chronicles this throughout the 20th century. Could you describe how early musical movements such as jazz and blues were received in the LGBT+ community and set a precedent? 

DB: Those early decades were amazing times, and as I have already noted there were many women (and men) in jazz and blues making extraordinarily bold and outrageous records. Major cities had LGBT+ bars and clubs where people could play these recordings and share in the ribald humour, and people at home who did not have access to a gay bar or a lesbian club could still crank up the Victrola and play them. Much of the language is coded, but if you knew what you were listening to you would understand. Black artists could get away with more then perhaps because the mainstream did not treat blues with any respect: these were ‘race records’ designed to be marketed to African-American audiences and so of little interest outside of that community. The same went for jazz: it was always the white band leader that got the press. When bisexual Black singer Bessie Smith came along everything changed: her records sold in hundreds of thousands to both Black and white audiences. This emboldened other performers – and the club owners who saw that they could make a fast buck – and soon camp comedians, LGBT+ singers and drag acts could be seen in clubs, on stages and in films. Sadly all of this new openness was driven back underground by the Depression and by the encroaching war and it would take years before artists felt supported and powerful enough to come out again.

What is the significance of pride for you and has this changed over time? 

DB: For me, the great value of Pride lies in its political roots: Pride began as a protest movement, with LGBT+ people demanding their civil rights, and sadly the majority of people who attended Pride events these days either do not know this or do not care. There is a feeling that we’ve won the day and none of that matters anymore, but tell that to queer kids in Jamaica, in the Middle East, in China, or in Kenya or in Russia. The fight goes on, and it has to continue until every LGBT+-identifying person can live their life without being afraid.

Are you doing anything to celebrate this year?

DB: I usually join the march here in Bristol: last year that couldn’t happen because of Covid, but I hope to be able to take part when Bride returns to the streets of the city on 10 July. I have also been invited to take part in some Pride-related online events this month for the MMF, a 1200-strong community of music managers, which I’m looking forward to. I’m sure I’ll find an excuse to wave a flag somewhere!

‘David Bowie Made Me Gay’ is available to buy here.

Anna Abney on Plague Remedies… then and now

Anna Abney on Plague Remedies… then and now

07/06/2021

Duckworth’s upcoming title The Master of Measham Hall is set in the mid-seventeenth century – 1665 to be exact. Fourteen years following the end of the bloody and draining Civil War, England was still addled by religious and political angst. To make things worse, plague struck the land once more.

After the last fifteen months, to say that we know a little bit about pandemics would be an understatement. Fortunately, with vaccine rollouts underway, Summer 2021 may see a bit of normality return. But what was it like in the summer of 1665? Without the technology we have today, what measures were put in place to tackle the disease? And how does it differ from 2021?

Author Anna Abney takes a look…

The idea for The Master of Measham Hall came some years ago, when I was teaching Daniel Defoe’s Journal of a Plague Year to English Literature students. The knock-on impact a deadly pandemic would have on other aspects of people’s lives – apart from illness and death – hadn’t really occurred to me (this was before Covid-19). I was fascinated by the way London boroughs closed themselves off to outsiders and many people were made homeless. Defoe describes an encampment in Epping Forest set up by just such people and this was going to be the focus of the novel. My characters, however, had other ideas about the direction of the novel. Alethea Hawthorne is a headstrong young woman and, as I was writing, her journey and the need to get back to her home in Derbyshire took over.

A lot of plague cures and preventatives seem outlandish to us today, but editing the novel during lockdown, I was struck by how many of the precautions taken by people in the seventeenth century were like those we have been using against Covid. Social distancing, for example. was advocated because the plague was believed to be airborne (although it is a bacterial infection not a virus). Once infected by contaminated air, it could be passed from person to person. Stephen Bradwell, a London physician, advised:

‘be contented to live as solitary as your calling and business will give leave. … if you stand to talk with another be distant from him the space of two yards. But if you suspect the party to be infected, let the space of four yards part you’ (A Watch-Man for the Pest, 1625).

Francis Herring stated that ‘stage-plays, wakes, feasts and may-pole dancings are to be prohibited by the public authority’ (Preservatives Against the Plague, 1647). Though, as Margaret Calverton in The Master of Measham Hall notes, the authorities, then as now, could be worryingly slow to act.

Herring entreats the governors of the city of London and ‘all rich men’ to look after their poor brethren and stop ‘idle vagabonds’ wandering up and down, spreading infection. He is also, unusually, a keen proponent of hand washing, using rose-vinegar and water.

The streets were cleaned, getting rid sewage and refuse, which must have had a beneficial effect. Bradwell exhorted keeping every room in the house clean, leaving ‘no sluttish corners.’ Though another ‘learned physician’ suggested placing peeled onions in a room to ‘gather all the infection into them’, which can’t have smelt too good. Fires were burnt to purify the air, both inside and out. Margaret follows the sort of recipe Bradwell recommends, using pitch, tar, turpentine, and rosin. It must have been pretty pungent.

Some people also used masks, like my character, Giacomo, while others, like Alethea, carried medicinal posies of herbs and flowers. Bradwell warns against wearing absorbent material like wool or leather but thought women’s whalebone bodices were ‘good armour’ against the plague.

While there is discussion of vaccine passports being issued now, in the seventeenth century you needed a certificate of health to travel (as Alethea, discovers). Businesses closed and London went quiet. Special hospitals (or pest-houses) were built, and suspected plague victims were locked into their homes for enforced quarantine.
Then, as now, desperate people turned to dubious remedies. Herring advises against the popular wearing of amulets filled with arsenic around the neck. Fortunately, we don’t go in for the kind of ‘purging’ popular then – bloodletting, suppositories, and vomiting. Neither do we believe, as they did then, that disease is ‘sent from God’ to punish us, though at her lowest point, Alethea starts to fear this might be the case.

Debra Barnes’ The Young Survivors inspires piano piece by composer Julian Marczak

Debra Barnes’ The Young Survivors inspires piano piece by composer Julian Marczak

07/04/2021

Debra Barnes has had plenty of wonderful reviews for her Holocaust historical fiction debut, The Young Survivors, but one recent review has really been music to her ears…

Last week, composer Julian Marczak sent her the following message:

 

Dear Debra,

It is 1.45am and I have just finished reading your wonderful book, The Young Survivors. It is so beautifully written, gripping and says so much on behalf of the Jewish people. I am not Jewish myself, but have several close friends who are and your book has really touched my heart.

I am a composer and your outstanding story has inspired me to write a further piece for piano. I have played it to friends and they have said that the emotion behind the music is especially evident. Thank you so much for the inspiration.

With all good wishes,

Julian

 

If you’d like to have a listen of Julian’s beautiful piano piece, ‘When All is Done’, just click here.

When All is Done © Julian Marczak

 

We’re hiring: Senior Commissioning Editor/Editorial Director

We’re hiring: Senior Commissioning Editor/Editorial Director

31/03/2021

A fabulous opportunity to join and help shape a resurgent name in publishing

Duckworth is a publisher of first-class, eye-opening non-fiction, founded in 1898 and since revitalised for the 21st century.

We’re looking for a senior editor to commission and publish new original titles across the non-fiction list, including personal stories of identity, travel and nature; global history; and popular science and psychology.

The role will most likely suit a commercially-minded editor with at least 3-5 commissioning years experience and proven excellent networking abilities.

You’ll need the skills to shape and manage a book at every stage of its life, from the seed of an idea to profitable publication and beyond. You’ll be great at pitching, and working with our small, friendly team to develop each book’s positioning, copy and design, as well as being adept at communicating with authors and agents. Most importantly, you’ll be imaginative and full of ideas.

The role is advertised as either a part-time role or full-time – we invite applications on either basis. We also welcome requests for regular homeworking days or flexible hours.

Salary range: £28,000-£40,000 (pro rata), dependent on experience

Please apply with covering letter and CV to pete@duckworthbooks.com by 21 April.

We are currently working part remotely, and part in our Richmond-upon-Thames office, and initial interviews are likely to be conducted over video call.